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Prime Minister of Sweden

From Academic Kids


This article is part of the series
Politics of Sweden

The Prime Minister or Statsminister is the head of Government in Sweden. Before 1876, when the office of Prime Minister was instituted, Sweden did not have a formal head of Government. The architect behind the new Riksdag of 1866, Louis De Geer became the first Prime Minister, but ironically it had been the absence of his informal leadership in the Government that had brought about the reform.

Contents

Under the Constitution of 1809

Since the Constitution of 1809 there had actually been the two titles of Prime Minister for Justice or Justitiestatsminister and Prime Minister for Foreign Affairs or Utrikesstatsminister, but their roles had merely been that of a head for respective Ministry. At the introduction of the new office in 1876, the Prime Minister for Justice became Prime Minister, while the Prime Minister for Foreign Affairs was nominally demoted to Minister for Foreign Affairs. The Minister for Foreign Affairs did however continue to be styled as Excellency, an honour shared only with the Prime Minister.

Constitutional Reform

Until 1973 the Government authority had been exercised through the Privy Council when constitutional reform provided a new Instrument of Government which formally established the parliamentary principles and created a Cabinet Government.

Following a general election, the Speaker of the Riksdag holds consultations with the party leaders and appoints a Prime Minister-designate, who then submits a list of ministers for approval to the Parliament. If the list is approved they form a Cabinet Government under the leadership of the Prime Minister. Single ministers can be forced to resign by a vote of no confidence by Parliament, but if the Prime Minister is forced to resign the entire cabinet falls and the process starts over.

The Sager House

In 1991 the Sager House was acquired, and since 1995 it has served as residence for the Prime Minister. The Sager House is located adjacent to Rosenbad, the Government chancellery, straight across the water from Helgeandsholmen with the Riksdag building, and beyond that lies the Royal Palace.

Prime Ministers for Justice

Prime Ministers for Foreign Affairs

Prime Ministers under the Privy Council Government

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Louis_De_Geer_1818-1896_from_Hildebrand_Sveriges_historia.jpg
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Göran_Persson.jpg
Göran Persson, Prime Minister since 1996.
  1. Louis Gerhard De Geer, liberal (1876-1880)
  2. Arvid Posse, conservative (1880-1883)
  3. Carl Johan Thyselius, conservative (1883-1884)
  4. Robert Themptander, liberal (1884-1888)
  5. Gillis Bildt, conservative (1888-1889)
  6. Gustaf Åkerhielm, protectionist (1889-1891)
  7. Erik Gustaf Boström, conservative (1891-1900)
  8. Fredrik von Otter, unaffiliated (1900-1902)
  9. Erik Gustaf Boström, conservative (1902-1905)
  10. Johan Ramstedt, unaffiliated (1905)
  11. Christian Lundeberg, conservative-liberal coalition (1905)
  12. Karl Staaff, liberal (1905-1906)
  13. Arvid Lindman, conservative (1906-1911)
  14. Karl Staaff, liberal (1911-1914)
  15. Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, conservative (1914-1917)
  16. Carl Swartz, conservative (1917)
  17. Nils Edén, liberal-social democrat coalition (1917-1920)
  18. Hjalmar Branting, social democrat (1920)
  19. Louis De Geer jr., unaffiliated executive government (1920-1921)
  20. Oscar von Sydow, unaffiliated executive government (1921)
  21. Hjalmar Branting, social democrat (1921-1923)
  22. Ernst Trygger, conservative (1923-1924)
  23. Hjalmar Branting, social democrat (1924-1925)
  24. Rickard Sandler, social democrat (1925-1926)
  25. Carl Gustaf Ekman, liberal (1926-1928)
  26. Arvid Lindman, conservative (1928-1930)
  27. Carl Gustaf Ekman, liberal (1930-1932)
  28. Felix Hamrin, liberal (1932)
  29. Per Albin Hansson, social democrat (1932-1936)
  30. Axel Pehrsson, league of farmers (1936)
  31. Per Albin Hansson, social democrat (1936-1939)
  32. Per Albin Hansson, coalition government (1939-1945)
  33. Per Albin Hansson, social democrat (1945-1946)
  34. Tage Erlander, social democrat (1946-1951)
  35. Tage Erlander, social democrat-league of farmers coalition (1951-1957)
  36. Tage Erlander, social democrat (1957-1969)
  37. Olof Palme, social democrat (1969-1973(1976))

Prime Ministers of the Cabinet Government

  1. Olof Palme, social democrat (1969)1974-1976)
  2. Thorbjörn Fälldin, centrist-liberal-conservative coalition (1976-1978)
  3. Ola Ullsten, liberal (1978-1979)
  4. Thorbjörn Fälldin, centrist-liberal-conservative coalition (1979-1981)
  5. Thorbjörn Fälldin, centrist-liberal coalition (1981-1982)
  6. Olof Palme, social democrat (1982-1986)
  7. Ingvar Carlsson, social democrat (1986-1991)
  8. Carl Bildt, conservative-liberal-centrist-christian democrat coalition (1991-1994)
  9. Ingvar Carlsson, social democrat (1994-1996)
  10. Göran Persson, social democrat (1996-present)

See also

id:Perdana Menteri Swedia pl:Premierzy Szwecji sv:Lista över Sveriges statsministrar

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