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Probus

From Academic Kids

For the village in Cornwall see Probus, Cornwall, for the Duke of Poland Henry IV Probus.
Bust of Probus
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Bust of Probus

Marcus Aurelius Probus (c. 232September/October, 282), Roman emperor (276282), was a native of Sirmium in Pannonia.

At an early age he entered the army, where he distinguished himself under the emperors Valerian, Aurelian and Tacitus. He was appointed governor of the East by the emperor Tacitus, at whose death he was immediately proclaimed his successor by the soldiers.

Missing image
Probus10.jpg
Probus on a coin. In only 6 years of rule, there were many coins issued

Florianus, who had claimed to succeed his half-brother Tacitus, was put to death by his own troops, and the Senate eagerly ratified the choice of the army. The reign of Probus was mainly spent in successful wars by which he re-established the security of all the frontiers, the most important of these operations being directed to clearing Gaul of German invaders.

Probus had also put down three usurpers, Saturninus, Proculus and Bonosus. One of his principles was never to allow the soldiers to be idle, and to employ them in time of peace on useful works, such as the planting of vineyards in Gaul, Pannonia and other districts. This increase of duties was naturally unpopular, and while the emperor was urging on the draining of the marshes of his native place he was attacked and slain by his own soldiers.

Scarcely any emperor has left behind him so good a reputation; his death was mourned alike by senate and people, and even the soldiers repented and raised a monument in his honour.


External link

See also: Roman Empire.



Preceded by:
Florianus
Roman Emperor

276–282
Succeeded by:
Carus

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