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Psychologist

From Academic Kids

A psychologist is a social scientist who studies psychology, the study of the human mind, thought and human behaviour. Psychologists are usually categorised under a number of different fields, the most well-recognised being clinical psychologists, who provide mental health care, and research psychologists, who collect, investigate and analyse aspects of human behaviour.

Unlike psychiatrists, psychologists are no longer considered a medical doctor and hence are unable to prescribe psychiatric medications. Psychologists however do generally have doctoral degrees, either a Ph.D. or a Psy.D.. However prescription privileges in the United States have recently changed and some psychologists are gaining prescriptive privileges, specifically in New Mexico and Louisiana.

Contents

Types of psychologist

Psychologists are categorised under two different fields

  • Clinical psychologists often work in counseling centres, hospitals and clinics. They diagnose and evaluate mental and emotional disorders, and use tools such as psychotherapy and hypnosis to treat affected patients. They conduct interviews and psychological tests, and may conduct complex treatment programs, sometimes in conjunction with physicians or other specialists.

Statistics

These statistics are from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, information dated 2002 unless noted otherwise.

  • Employed psychologists: 139,000
  • 1/4 self-employed
  • 3/10 employed by educational institutions (in positions other than teaching)
  • Median income for clinical psychologists: USD$51,170
  • Median income for industrial/organisational psychologists: USD$63,710

See also

External links

Template:Psych-stubde:Psychologe es:Psiclogo nl:Psycholoog ja:心理学者 pl:Psycholog sk:Psycholg sv:Psykolog

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