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Puppet state

From Academic Kids

A puppet government is a government that, though notionally of the same culture as the governed people, owes its existence (or other major debt) to being installed, supported or controlled by a more powerful entity, typically a foreign power. Such a government is known as a puppet régime.

The term is partisan and prone to semantic disputes, used almost exclusively by detractors of such governments, whether or not the majority of citizens affected acknowledge the characterization, or object to that kind of government. Often a proclaimed puppet government faces a rival government which uses the puppet government term to weaken the legitimacy of that government. Also usually implied is the government's lack of legitimacy, in the view of those using the term.

For example, each of the two Korean governments has throughout its history often used the rhetoric that it is in fact the only true ruler of the peninsula, and that the other government is merely a "puppet" of the US/Soviets.

A vassal state may be instituted as the result of a military defeat when the winner has not enough military power to fully control the defeated or enough population to colonize the new acquisitions. The tribute is a compromise for both the victor and the defeated state.

Governments which take power after foreign military intervention, or the threat thereof, are often accused by their opponents of being puppet governments, for example the government of Hamid Karzai in post-Taliban Afghanistan or the Diem government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States. Indeed, such accusations are commonly used to destabilize governments, encouraging and justifing coup d'états.

Contents

States or governments accused of being puppets since 1900

US puppet states

USSR puppet states

Vietnamese puppet states

Imperial Japanese puppet states

Axis-occupied Europe puppet states

Most of the West-European governments under the domination of Nazi Germany, particularly the fascist-leaning, during World War II are now and then called puppet régimes, not the least in Allied literature:

Other recent puppet states

Other examples since 1900 include:

Historic puppet states

Examples from earlier centuries include:

See also

Comintern Cominform Soviet Empire World War II Cold War Warsaw Pact COMECON Banana republic Satellite statees:Gobierno títere fr:Gouvernement fantoche ja:傀儡政権 simple:Puppet state zh:傀儡政權

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