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RAF Tornado GR4A

From Academic Kids

Panavia Tornado GR4A
Tornado GR4

Description
Role Reconnaissance
Crew2
First Flight July 11 1985
Entered Service April 3 1987
ManufacturerBAE Systems
Dimensions
Length16.7 m54 ft 10 in
Wingspan 67&deg sweep8.6 m 28 ft 3 in
Wingspan 25&deg sweep13.9 m 45 ft 8 in
Height5.95 m 19 ft 6 in
Wing Area26.6 m²286 ft²
Weights
Empty20,400 kg45,000 lb
Loaded 29,410 kg 64,838 lb
Maximum Takeoff28,000 kg61,700 lb
Capacity
Powerplant
Engines2 x Turbo-Union RB199 turbofans
Dry thrust 40.5 kN 9,100 lbf
Afterburner thrust71.2 kN 16,000 lbf
Performance
Maximum Speed 2,336 km/h1,452 mph
Combat Range1,482 km921 miles
Ferry Range 3,797 km 2,360 miles
Service Ceiling > 15,200 m50,000 ft
Rate of Climb4,600 m/min15,000 ft/min
Wing Loading kg/m² lb/ft²
Thrust/Weight N/kg lbf/lb at normal takeoff weight
Power/Mass kW/kg hp/lb
Avionics
Avionics
Armament
Guns1 x 27 mm Mauser BK-27 cannon
Missiles AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-132 ASRAAM, Storm Shadow, ALARM, Brimstone
BombsPaveway LGBs, Dumb bombs
OtherRAPTOR Reconnaissance pod, TIALD Laser designator

The Tornado GR.4A, an upgrade of the Tornado GR1.A, is a dedicated version of the Panavia Tornado used for all weather, day and night tactical reconnaissance. The GR4A retains all the offensive capabilities of the standard GR4 and is in service with the Royal Air Force and Royal Saudi Air Force.

History

The Tornado programme first began with Tornado GR1s, which were built by a tri-national company (Panavia). 30 GR1As were ordered and were either converted from GR1 standard or delivered as new build aircraft. The GR1A was not fitted with cannon, the space was used for SLIR (Sideways Looking Infra-Red) reconnaissance sensors, one on each side of the fuselage and a single IRLS (Infra-Red LineScan) reconnaissance sensor mounted on the underside of the fuselage. In the main picture the SLIR widow can be seen below and to the right of the RAF roundel.

With the upgrade of the GR1 to GR4 standard, similarly the GR1A became the GR4A. 25 aircraft were upgraded, work beginning in 1996 and finished in 2003. Upgrades to the more than twenty-year old aircraft included, FLIR (Forward-Looking Infra-Red), a wide-angle HUD (Head-Up Display), improved cockpit displays, NVG (Night Vision Goggle) capabilities, new avionics and weapons systems, updated computer systems, and a Global Positioning System. The GR4 and GR4A have the capability to carry the Reconnaissance Airborne Pod for TORnado (RAPTOR).

Specifications

Powerplant: Two Turbo-Union RB199-103 Turbofans
Wingspan: 13.9 m (fully spread)
Length: 16.7 m
Max Speed: 2,336 km/h (Mach 2.2) at 11,000 m altitude
Accommodation: Pilot and Navigator
Armament: Up to 18,000 lb (8,000 kg) of ordnance.

Units


Template:RAF Tornado variants


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