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Randwick, New South Wales

From Academic Kids

Randwick, New South Wales is a City (Local Government Area) and suburb of Sydney, Australia. Randwick lies in the Eastern Suburbs region of Sydney, 5 kilometres south-east of the central business district (CBD). One of Sydney's largest parks, Centennial Park, lies within the city boundary of Randwick. Other major landmarks in Randwick include the world-famous Randwick Racecourse, the University of New South Wales, and Coogee and Maroubra Beaches. There is some industry in the south, centered around the container terminals of Port Botany in Botany Bay, which lie partially within the city. Randwick has several golf clubs, including the exclusive Australian Golf Club and New South Wales Golf Club.

Major commercial centres within Randwick City include the suburb of Randwick, home to the municipal council; Kingsford, which has a large Chinese and Indonesian community, as well as a large student population; Maroubra Junction; and Matraville. The Australian Army has a major presence in Randwick, with the headquarters of the 2nd Division being located in Kingsford. There is a large state prison at Long Bay (Long Bay Correctional Centre). The Prince of Wales Hospital, adjacent to the University of New South Wales, is one of Sydney's major hospitals. The Botany Bay National Park lies partially within the City of Randwick and is notable for preserving some of the last remaining stands of pre-European costal heath vegetation in the Sydney area. There is a historic fort on Bare Island at the mouth of Botany Bay, in the suburb of La Perouse. This fort, and another Randwick attraction, the racecourse, featured prominently in the 2000 movie Mission: Impossible II. La Perouse is also home to one of Sydney's largest Aboriginal communities.

History

Before European contact, the Randwick area was home to the Cadigal people of the Dharug language group. They were by and large fishers. European settlement led to the deaths of many Cadigal by introduced diseases or in conflict with settlers, and the survivors left or were pushed to the fringes of settlement. By the mid-nineteenth century, the original tribal groupings no longer lived in the vicinity of Randwick village. The City of Randwick today has a significant Aboriginal population at La Perouse.

The name Randwick comes from the village of Randwick in Gloucestershire, England, birthplace of the district's first mayor Simon Pearce. The area was home to a few wealthy landowners and the poor residents of several shantytowns until the 1880s, when the coming of trams from Sydney brought extensive suburban development. This development continued steadily, with new tram lines (long since demolished) opening up most of the city for subdivision by the early 1900s. The New South Wales University of Technology opened at Kensington in 1949, eventually becoming the University of New South Wales. The university is now one of Randwick City's major landmarks.

Demographics

Estimated resident population as of June, 2003 was 125,994 (Aus. Bureau of Statistics).

External links

Regions of Sydney
Eastern Suburbs | Hills District | Inner West | Northern Beaches | North Shore | Southern Sydney | South-western Sydney | Western Sydney
Local Government Areas of Sydney
Ashfield | Auburn | Bankstown | Baulkham Hills | Blacktown | Botany Bay | Burwood | Camden | Campbelltown | Canterbury | Canada Bay | Fairfield | Holroyd | Hornsby | Hunter's Hill | Hurstville | Kogarah | Ku-ring-gai | Lane Cove | Leichhardt | Liverpool | Manly | Marrickville | Mosman | North Sydney | Parramatta | Penrith | Pittwater | Randwick | Rockdale | Ryde | Strathfield | Sutherland | City of Sydney | Warringah | Waverley | Willoughby | Woollahra
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