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Reporter

From Academic Kids

For the legal term, see Reporter (law)

A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in certain types of mass media.

Reporting is usually distinguished from similar work, such as writing in general, by news judgment (determining newsworthiness) and journalism values (such as fairness).

Reporters get their information in a variety of ways, including tips, press releases, and witnessing an event. They perform research through interviews, public records and other sources. The information-gathering part of the job is sometimes called "reporting" as distinct from the production part of the job, such as writing articles. They split their time between working in a newsroom and going out to witness events or interview people.

Most reporters are assigned an area to focus on, called a "beat". They are encouraged to "cultivate sources" so they won't miss news.

Reporters usually have a college degree. The degree is often in journalism, but that is not required. When hiring reporters, editors give much weight to the reporter's previous work, (such as newspaper "clips") even when written for a student newspaper or as part of an internship.

One common misconception is that newspaper reporters write the headlines for their articles, but those are written by copy editors.

Although their work can often make them into minor celebrities, most reporters earn low salaries. It is not uncommon for a reporter fresh out of college working at a small newspaper in the US to make $20,000 annually or less. Newspaper reporters generally are paid more than television reporters.

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