Advertisement

Royal Standard

From Academic Kids

Royal Standards
The United Kingdom
Missing image
Royal_Standard.gif
The Royal Standard used in England, Wales and Northern Ireland
Missing image
Royal_Standard_Scotland.gif
The Royal Standard used in Scotland
Commonwealth Realms
Missing image
Barbadian_Royal_Standard.gif
The Royal Standard of Barbados
Missing image
Australian_Royal_Standard.gif
The Royal Standard of Australia
Missing image
Queen-Canada-Flag.png
Royal Standard of Canada
Missing image
Jamaican_Royal_Standard.gif
The Royal Standard of Jamaica
Missing image
New_Zealand_Royal_Standard.gif
The Royal Standard of New Zealand
Other Commonwealth Nations
Missing image
Personal_Flag_of_QEII.gif
The Personal Flag of HM The Queen, used in other Commonwealth nations
Other members of the Royal Family
Missing image
Prince_of_Wales_standard.gif
Standard of the Prince of Wales, as used in England and Northern Ireland
Missing image
Duke_of_York_standard.gif
Standard of HRH The Duke of York
Missing image
Alexandra_Standard.gif
Standard of HRH Princess Alexandra
Missing image
Standard_Queen_Mother.gif
Standard of the late Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Missing image
PP_stand.gif
Standard of HRH The Duke of Edinburgh

The Royal Standard is the official flag of Queen Elizabeth II in her capacity as Sovereign of the United Kingdom and of various other Realms. Several realms posses their own Royal Standards. The Standard generally consists of the nation's coat of arms. Outside of the United Kingdom, a blue disc containing the crowned letter 'E' (for 'Elizabeth'), encircled by a wreath of gold roses, is superimposed over the coat of arms.

In Flag protocol, the Royal Standard is supreme. It must only be flown from buildings where the Queen is present. It flies above the Union Flag, Standards of other Royal Family members, and other British flags. It never flies at half mast.

Contents

United Kingdom

In England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and other British territories the flag is split into four quadrants. The first and fourth quadrants represent England and contain three gold lions passant on a red field; the second quadrant represents Scotland contains a red lion rampant on a gold field; the third quadrant represents Ireland and contains the gold harp of Ireland on a blue field.

In Scotland, a similar flag is used, except that the lion rampant occurs in the first and fourth quadrants, and the lions passant occur in the second quadrant.

The modern Royal Standard, apart from minor changes (notably to the form of harp used to represent Ireland), dates back to the reign of Queen Victoria. Earlier Royal Standards incorporated the Arms of Hanover and France, representing the monarch's position as Elector (later King) of Hanover and the theoretical claim made to the French throne. The most famous standards include the Scotland Impaled Royal Standard of Queen Anne, Hanover Quartered of Kings George I to George III, and Hanover crowned of George III to William IV . The latter contained the Royal Coat of Arms of Hanover superimposed over what is the modern Royal Standard (though the standard's visual representation of England, Ireland and Scotland in their quadrants was marginally different).

Australia

In Australia the flag is divided into sixths, three in the upper half and three in the lower. The first sixth represents New South Wales and bears a red Cross of St George, upon which is a gold lion in the centre and a gold star on each arm. The second sixth represents Victoria and contains a Crown and six white stars on a blue field. The third sixth represents Queensland and consists of a blue Maltese Cross, bearing a Crown, on a white field. The fourth sixth represents South Australia and includes an Australian piping shrike on a gold field. The fifth sixth represents Western Australia and consists of a black swan on a gold field. The last sixth represents Tasmania and contains a red lion on a white field. Over all is a gold seven-pointed star, representing the six states and the territories, and on top of the star is the aforementioned blue disc.

Barbados

In Barbados the flag is yellow, and consists of a bearded fig tree (with the leaves coloured blue) in the centre and a Pride of Barbados flower in each of the top corners. The fig tree is partly obscured by a blue disc.

Canada

In the Queen's Personal Canadian Flag the upper two-thirds of the flag is identical to the Standard of England, except that three fleurs-de-lis of France occur in the fourth quadrant. The lower third of the flag contains red maple leaves of Canada on a white field. Overall is the aforementioned blue disc.

Jamaica

In Jamaica the flag is white and bears a red Cross of St George. On each arm of the Cross is a gold pineapple. A blue disc is placed in the centre of the Cross.


New Zealand

In New Zealand the flag is divided into four quadrants, but there is a white vertical stripe passing through the centre. The first quadrant includes four red stars on a blue field. The second quadrant consists of a golden fleece on a red field. The third quadrant contains a golden wheat sheaf on a red field. The final quadrant includes two crossed gold hammers on a blue field. The central stripe consists of two ships, with the blue disk superimposing the flag.

Other Commonwealth Nations

The other Commonwealth realms do not have their own Royal Standards. In Commonwealth countries in which she is not Queen, another flag is used that has the crowned letter 'E' in gold, surrounded by a garland of gold roses on a blue background.

Other members of the Royal Family

Variants of the Royal Standard are used for other members of the British Royal Family.

Prince of Wales

The Prince of Wales has separate standards: one used in England, one in Scotland, and one in Wales.

  • England: The Royal Standard of England is used, with a white label of three points. In the centre of the flag, the crowned Arms of the Principality of Wales - four quadrants, the first and fourth with a red lion on a gold field, and the second and third with a gold lion on a red field - is superimposed. The English Standard is also used outside of England, Scotland, and Wales.
  • Wales: The flag is divided into four quadrants, the first and fourth with a red lion on a gold field, and the second and third with a gold lion on a red field. Superimposed is a green shield bearing a crown.
  • Scotland: The flag is based on two Scottish titles of the Prince of Wales: Duke of Rothesay and Lord of the Isles. The flag is divided into four quadrants. The first and fourth quadrants include a blue and white checkerboard band in the centre of a gold field. The second and third quadrants include a ship on a white background. A gold shield bearing the lion rampant of Scotland is superimposed.

Princes and Princesses of the Blood Royal

Other members of the Royal Family have personal standards of their own. These are variants of the Royal Standard, with the bearing of a white label and either three points or pendants (for children of a sovereign), or five points (grandchildren of a sovereign). Traditionally all Princes and Princesses of the Blood Royal (ie descendants of the Sovereign) are granted arms on their 18th birthday, allowing them to fly a standard from their residencies.

The following members of the Royal Family have personal standards

  • HRH The Duke of York: The middle point bears a blue anchor, while the first and last points are blank.
  • HRH The Earl of Wessex: The middle point bears a red rose, while the first and last points are blank.
  • HRH The Princess Royal: The first and last point each bear a red cross. The middle point bears a red heart.
  • HRH Prince William of Wales: Unlike other grandchildren of the Sovereign, Prince William uses a label with three points. The middle point bears a red shell, while the first and last points are blank.
  • HRH Prince Harry: The first, middle, and last points each bear a red shell, while the second and fourth points are blank.
  • HRH The Duke of Gloucester: White label with five points, three with cross of St George, two with red Lion passant guardant
  • HRH The Duke of Kent: white label with five points, three with blue Anchor, two with cross of St George
  • HRH Prince Michael of Kent: white label with five points, three with cross of St George, two with blue Anchor
  • HRH Princess Alexandra: white label with five points, two with hearts, two with anchors, one with cross of St George


Consorts of the British monarch

Queen consorts of the British monarch are granted arms based on the Royal Standard and the arms of their father. Thus their standard consists of the Royal Standard impaled with their paternal arms. The example of the late Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother shows the Royal Standard impaled with the arms of her paternal family, the Earl of Strathmore. Queen Mary's standard was the Royal Standard impaled with her the arms of her father, Francis, Duke of Teck and the Hanoverian Coat of Arms as used by her grandfather, the Duke of Cambridge. Queen Alexandra's standard was the Royal Standard impaled with the Royal Arms of Denmark. In Scotland, a Queen consort will use the Scottish version of the Royal Standard. They do not have different standards for the Commonwealth realms that have their own Royal Standards.

Consorts of a Queen regnant are not granted use of the Royal Standard. They will use Standards based on their own family arms.HRH The Duke of Edinburgh has his a standard based on his Greek and Danish roots. The flag is divided into four quadrants. The first quadrant, representing Denmark, consists of three blue lions passant and nine red hearts on a yellow field. The second quadrant, representing Greece, consists of a white cross on a blue field. The third quadrant contains five black and white vertical stripes. The last quadrant, representing Edinburgh, includes a black and red castle.

Other members of the Royal Family

Other members of the Royal Family may use the Royal Standard of England, but within an ermine border, i.e. a white border with black spots representing the ermine fur. This standard is mainly used for the wives of British princes, or members of the Royal Family who have not yet been granted their own arms. Diana, Princess of Wales and more recently, Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester had this standard draped over their coffins at their funerals.

See Also

Additional Reading

  • Norman Davies, The Isles: A History (Palgrave Macmillan, 1999)

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools