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SEPECAT Jaguar

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SEPECAT Jaguar
Missing image
Sepecat.jaguar.wadd.300601.614pix.jpg
SEPECAT Jaguar


SEPECAT Jaguar
Description
RoleStrike aircraft
Crew1
First FlightSeptember 8, 1968
Entered Service1973
ManufacturerSEPECAT
Dimensions
Length16.83 m55 ft 3 in
Wingspan8.69 m28 ft 6 in
Height4.92 m16 ft 1 in
Wing area24 m²258 ft²
Weights
Empty7,000 kg / 7,700 kg 15,400 /17,000 lb (Jaguar A / Jaguar S)
Loaded11,000 kg24,250 lb
Maximum takeoff15,700 kg34,600 lb
Powerplant
Engines2 × Rolls Royce/Turbomeca RT712 Adour turbofans
Dry thrust lb kN
Afterburner thrust 7,305 / 8,040 lbf 32.5 / 35.8 kN (Mk 102 / Mk 104)
Performance
Maximum speed1,593 km/h990 mph
Combat radius537 km334 miles
Ferry range3,525 km2,190 miles
Service ceiling14,000 m46,000 ft
Rate of climbm/minft/min
Wing loadingkg/m²lb/ft²
Thrust/Weight
Armament
Gunstwo 30 mm ADEN cannon or DEFA cannon with 150 rounds per gun (two-seat models have only one cannon)
Bombsfive hardpoints for 4,500 kg (10,000 lb) of disposable stores
Missilesoption of two AIM-9 Sidewinder on overwing pylons
RocketsLAU-5003B/A CRV-7 rocket launchers
OtherJoint Reconnaissance Pod

Missing image
Jaguar_logo.JPG



The SEPECAT Jaguar is an Anglo-French ground attack aircraft in service with the Armée de l'Air, the Royal Air Force and several export customers, notably the Indian Air Force. It was the product of the world's first bi-national military aircraft program.

Contents

Background

The Jaguar program began in the early 1960s, in response to a British requirement for an advanced supersonic jet trainer, and a French need for a cheap, subsonic dual role trainer and attack aircraft with good short field performance. From these apparently disparate aims would come a single and entirely different aircraft: relatively high-tech, supersonic, and optimised for ground attack in a high-threat environment. It was planned as a replacement for the RAF Hawker Hunter and the Armee de l'Air F-100 Super Sabre.

Cross-channel negotiations led to the formation of SEPECAT (the Société Européenne de Production de l'Avion d'Ecole de Combat et d'Appui Tactique) in 1966 as a joint venture between Bréguet (the design leader) and the British Aircraft Corporation to produce the airframe, and a separate teaming of Rolls-Royce and Turboméca to develop the Adour afterburning turbofan engine.

The first of 8 prototypes flew on September 8 1968. It was an orthodox single-seat, swept-wing, twin-engine design with a maximum take-off weight in the 15 tonne class, Combat radius on internal fuel was 850 km, maximum speed Mach 1.6 (Mach 1.1 at sea level) and hardpoints were fitted for an external weapons load of up to 10 tonnes.

Into service

The Armee de l'Air took delivery of the first production Jaguar in 1973, one of an eventual 160 single-seat Jaguar As. For type conversion training, France also took 40 of the two-seat Jaguar B. The RAF accepted delivery of the first of 165 single-seat Jaguar GR.1s (or Jaguar S) in 1974. These were supplemented by 35 two-seat trainers, the Jaguar T2 (or Jaguar B according to the manufacturer's designation). After Breguet was purchased by Dassault, the proposed Jaguar M variant, a carrier version for the French Aeronavale, was cancelled in favor of the Dassault Super Etendard.

Jaguars were also sold on the export with some success, the largest single customer being India, which built around 100 under license by HAL. Other Jaguar operators are Ecuador, Nigeria and Oman.

The Jaguar saw combat during the Gulf War, with the Armée de l'Air and RAF and the Kosovo War with the Armée de l'Air.

Replacement

The aircraft has been updated several times and remains in front-line service with Britain and France. It is to be replaced by the Eurofighter Typhoon and the Rafale.

Demands by the UK Treasury demanding cuts in the defence budget lead to reports that the Jaguar was a possible candidate for early retirement. Announcing plans for the future of the British military on July 21 2004 Defence Secretary Geoff Hoon detailed plans to withdraw the Jaguar by 2007.

Critics say the aircraft is near the end of its service life and does not have all the capabilites required of a front line jet. Proponents argue that the aircraft has been recently updated and is the most cost effective of all the RAF's fast jet force.

Units using the Jaguar

Royal Air Force

Armée de l'Air


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

de:SEPECAT Jaguar

fr:Dassault Jaguar ja:ジャギュア (攻撃機) fi:SEPECAT Jaguar

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