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SMUR

From Academic Kids

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A SMUR car in Lausanne
SMUR team practicing a .
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SMUR team practicing a Defibrillation.

SMUR is an acronym for Service Mobile d'Urgence et de Réanimation ("Emergency and Ressucitation Mobile Service"). It designates specialized EMS services in France, Belgium and Switzerland, and in other French-speaking countries. They are mobile medical units designed to provide emergency care to patients on the scene of an accident or malaise, and also to transport patients in need of medical attention. The first SMUR was created in Paris in 1956 by Professor Maurice Cara (hôpital Necker) to transport patients from one hospital to another with life support during a poliomyelitis epidemy.

In France, SMURs are one component of the organism in charge of the emergency chain (SAU, Service spécialisé d'Accueil et de traitement des Urgences). A mobile unit is composed by a emergency physician (or sometimes an aenestesist), a nurse and a paramedic. The vehicle might be an ambulance, a car or a helicopter. In some cases, SMUR units can also operate inside a hospital, in case of life-threatening emergencies in a department.

In France, SMUR vehicles and personnel are labeled "SAMU", which is actually the fixed central coordination system which managed mobile SMUR units. This induces some confusion in the public as to what these organisations exactly are. SMUR units wear the Star of Life.

For more informations regarding the intervention doctrine, see SAMU and Emergency medical service: Prehospital Care Strategies.

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