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Salem, Massachusetts

From Academic Kids

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Salem Maritime National Historic Site

Salem is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 40,407. It and Lawrence are the county seats of Essex CountyTemplate:GR. The name Salem is related to the Hebrew word shalom, meaning 'peace'.

Many people associate the city with the Salem witch trials of 1692, which the city utilizes as a tourist attraction. However, Salem's real importance in American history lies at its status as an oft-used port for East Indies trade. The city is also commonly confused with the Salem on the soap opera Days of Our Lives, of which there is no relation.

Salem includes the Salem Maritime National Historic Site, the only remaining intact waterfront from the US age of sail. Salem played a leading role in the American China trade.

One of Salem's most notable sons was Nathaniel Bowditch, who published The New American Practical Navigator. This work began as Bowditch's corrections of John Hamilton Moore's navigation tables. He found over 8000 innacuracies while sailing from Salem to the East Indies. The book, still in use, is in its 78th printing.

Salem is home to The House of the Seven Gables made famous by Nathaniel Hawthorne who was born in Salem in 1804.

The city is also home to a large collection of Federal Style mansions. Many of these were the work of architect and woodcarver Samuel McIntire, for whom the city's largest Historic District is named.

Contents

History

Salem was founded around 1626 by a company of fishermen led by Roger Conant. He was later supplanted by the governor sent by the Massachusetts Bay Company, John Endicott.

At the time of the Salem witch trials, the present day city of Salem was named "Salem Town". Most of the accused in the trials lived in the nearby "Salem Village", which is now named Danvers, Massachusetts.

In 1790, Salem was the sixth largest city in the country. Large parts of Salem were destroyed in the fire of 1914.

Geography

Salem is located at 42°31'1" North, 70°53'55" West (42.516845, -70.898503)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.8 km² (18.1 mi²). 21.0 km² (8.1 mi²) of it is land and 25.8 km² (9.9 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 55.09% water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 40,407 people, 17,492 households, and 9,708 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,926.1/km² (4,986.0/mi²). There are 18,175 housing units at an average density of 866.3/km² (2,242.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 85.37% White, 3.15% African American, 0.22% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.74% from other races, and 2.47% from two or more races. 11.24% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 17,492 households out of which 24.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% are married couples living together, 13.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 44.5% are non-families. 34.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.24 and the average family size is 2.95.

In the city the population is spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $44,033, and the median income for a family is $55,635. Males have a median income of $38,563 versus $31,374 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,857. 9.7% of the population and 6.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.2% of those under the age of 18 and 7.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Famous residents

Further reading

  • In the Devil's Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692, Mary Beth Norton, Knopf, 2002, hardcover, 432 pages, ISBN 037540709x

External links

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Flag of Massachusetts

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Capital:

Boston

Regions:

The Berkshires | Greater Boston | Cape Cod | North Shore | Pioneer Valley | South Shore | Western Massachusetts

Cities:

Attleboro | Boston | Brockton | Cambridge | Chicopee | Fall River | Fitchburg | Gardner | Holyoke | Lawrence | Lowell | New Bedford | Northampton | Pittsfield | Salem | Springfield | Taunton | Westfield | Worcester

Towns:

Abington | Acton | Acushnet | Adams | Alford | Amherst | Andover | Aquinnah | Arlington | Ashburnham | Ashby | Ashfield | Ashland | Athol | Auburn | Avon | Ayer | Barre | Becket | Bedford | Belchertown | Bellingham | Belmont | Berkley | Berlin | Bernardston | Billerica | Blackstone | Blandford | Bolton | Bourne | Boxboro | Boxford | Boylston | Braintree | Brewster | Bridgewater | Brimfield | Brookfield | Brookline | Buckland | Burlington | Canton | Carver | Chilmark | Cohasset | Cummington | Dartmouth | Dedham | Dighton | Dover | Duxbury | East Bridgewater | Easton | Edgartown | Fairhaven | Florida | Foxborough | Freetown | Halifax | Hanover | Hanson | Hingham | Holbrook | Hopedale | Hull | Kingston | Lakeville | Mansfield | Marion | Marshfield | Mattapoisett | Medfield | Medway | Mendon | Middleborough | Milford | Millis | Millville | Milton | Needham | Norfolk | North Attleborough | Norton | Norwell | Norwood | Oak Bluffs | Pembroke | Peru | Plainville | Plymouth | Plympton | Randolph | Raynham | Rehoboth | Rochester | Rockland | Scituate | Seekonk | Sharon | Somerset | Stoughton | Swansea | Tisbury | Walpole | Wareham | Wellesley | West Bridgewater | West Tisbury | Westport | Westwood | Weymouth | Whitman | Wrentham |

Counties:

Barnstable | Berkshire | Bristol | Dukes | Essex | Franklin | Hampden | Hampshire | Middlesex | Nantucket | Norfolk | Plymouth | Suffolk | Worcester

de:Salem (Massachusetts) fr:Salem (Massachusetts) ja:セイラム (マサチューセッツ州)

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