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Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

From Academic Kids

City of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
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Saskatoon_coa.png
Saskatoon nickname: "The Bridge City", "The Hub City"
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University_Bridge.jpg
Broadway Bridge in Saskatoon
Area
 - Area

148.34 km²
Population
 - Total (2001)
 - Metropolitan (2001)
 - Cdn. Metro. Rank

 - Density (2001)

196,811
225,927
Ranked 17th

1305.5/km²
Time zone Central Standard Time: UTC-6

Latitude
Longitude

Template:Coor dms

Mayor Don Atchison
Governing Body Saskatoon City Council
City of Saskatoon (http://www.saskatoon.ca/)

Saskatoon is a city located in central Saskatchewan, Canada, on the South Saskatchewan River. Saskatoon is the most populous city in the province. Residents of Saskatoon are usually called Saskatonians.

Known as the "City of Bridges" for its seven river crossings, the city's name comes from the Cree word for the saskatoon berry, "misaskwatomin." A long-time nickname for Saskatoon is "Hub City", while the name is also commonly abbreviated "S'toon". Following the release of the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit? in 1988, many residents began referring to the city by the nickname "'Toontown", after a similarly named location in the film. A tongue-in-cheek nickname for the city by some residents is "Saskabush." Saskatoon is reputed to be the "Paris of the prairies," a title which likely originated in the song Wheat Kings by The Tragically Hip, a prominent Canadian rock band.

Contents

History

The first permanent settlement of Saskatoon occurred in 1883 when Toronto Methodists, wanting to escape the liquor trade in that city, decided to set up a "dry" community in the rapidly-growing Prairie region. Their organization, the Temperance Colonization Society, first examined this area in 1882 and found that it would make an excellent location to found their community based on the ideals of the Temperance League. The settlers arrived on the site of what is now Saskatoon by travelling by railway from Ontario to Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. From Moose Jaw to Saskatoon they had to travel by horse-drawn cart as the railway had yet to be completed to Saskatoon. The Temperance Colony was unable to obtain a large block of land within the community and the plan was doomed from the beginning.

In 1885, several houses on 11th Street were used as military hospitals during the North-West Rebellion. One house, the Marr Residence, is currently a heritage site run by the Meewasin Valley Authority. The first school, Victoria School opened for classes at the corner of 11th Street and Broadway Avenue in 1888. This small school, now called the "Little Stone Schoolhouse", now sits on the campus of the University of Saskatchewan. The Qu'Appelle, Long Lake and Saskatchewan Railway reached Saskatoon in 1890 and crossed the South Saskatchewan River, causing a boom in development on the west side of the river. In 1901, Saskatoon's population hit 113 and the community on the west bank of the river adopted the name "Saskatoon", while residents on the east side of the river adopted the name "Nutana". A third settlement, "Riversdale", also began just southwest of Saskatoon.

A town charter for the west side of the river was obtained in 1903 (Nutana became a village in that year). In 1906 Saskatoon became a city with a population of 4,500, which included the communities of Saskatoon, Riversdale, and Nutana. In 1956, the fast-growing community annexed the neighboring town of Sutherland.

Template:Canada CP 2001

Demographics

Racial Diversity

Age Structure

  • 0-14 years: 20.6%
  • 15-64 years: 67.6%
  • 65 years and over: 11.8%

Economy

Saskatoon is recognized as one of the world's leading Agricultural Biotechnology centres. Most research takes place at Innovation Place Research Park and the University of Saskatchewan. U of S also hosts the new Canadian Light Source synchrotron for cutting-edge atomic research. Food processing is an important industry in Saskatoon.

The world's largest publicly traded uranium company, Cameco, and the world's largest potash producer, PotashCorp, have corporate headquarters in Saskatoon. Nearly two-thirds of the world's recoverable potash reserves are located in the Saskatoon region.

Climate

Saskatoon has four distinct seasons. Temperatures range from -40°C in winter to 40°C in summer. It is fairly dry, average annual precipitation is 347.2mm. Saskatoon is one of the sunniest cities in Canada, averaging 2,381 hours annually.

Transportation

Saskatoon is located on the Yellowhead Highway connecting Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta, and British Columbia. Provincial Highways #11, #41, #12, #14, #7, #5, and #219 all meet at Saskatoon.

The Canadian Pacific Railway and the Canadian National Railway have connections to Saskatoon. There is a VIA Rail station for passenger travel by train. The many provincial transportation connections and geographic location of Saskatoon give it one of its nicknames The Hub City.

The recently renovated Saskatoon International Airport (YXE) (also referred to as John G. Diefenbaker International Airport) is the largest in the province, with over 800,000 travellers yearly. The airport has many non-stop flights to/from many major centres in Canada, as well to Minneapolis, via Northwest Airlines.

Education

The University of Saskatchewan campus, is located along the eastern bank of the South Saskatchewan River and spans 7.55 km2. Construction on the university's campus began in 1909, and all of the original limestone facade buildings remain today. The university has a yearly attendance of roughly 17,000 students. The university is home to Canada's only synchrotron.

Saskatoon has 78 elementary schools and 10 high schools, serving about 37,000 students. Saskatoon has two school boards, The Saskatoon Public School Division and the Saskatoon Catholic School Division (http://www.scs.sk.ca/).

Local media

Newspapers

  • Saskatoon Star-Phoenix (http://www.canada.com/saskatoon/starphoenix/) (daily)
  • Saskatoon Sun (Star-Phoenix weekly supplement)
  • Planet S (alternative weekly)
  • The Sheaf (http://www.thesheaf.com/) (U of S Students' Newspaper)

Radio stations

  • CFCR (http://www.cfcr.ca) 90.5 (community radio)
  • CKOM 650 (news)
  • CJWW (http://www.cjwwradio.com/) 600 (country music, news, and talk)
  • CFMC (http://www.c95.com/) - C95 (adult contemporary, top 40)
  • CBC Saskatchewan (http://sask.cbc.ca/)
  • CJMK (http://www.magic983.fm/) - Magic 98.3 (adult contemporary)
  • CFQC (http://www.hot93.com/) - Hot 93 (country music, sports)
  • CJDJ - Rock 102

Television stations

  • SCN (http://www.scn.ca) - Saskatchewan Community Network
  • CFSK (http://www.canada.com/saskatoon/) - Global
  • CBKST (http://www.sask.cbc.ca/) - CBC
  • CBKFT (http://www.radio-canada.ca/) - Radio-Canada
  • CFQC (http://www.ctv.ca/) - CTV

Arts and culture

The Mendel Art Gallery is situated on the bank of the South Saskatchewan River and is currently undergoing a major renovation to be completed in the fall of 2004. Saskatoon is also home of the Western Development Museum, showcasing the life of pioneer life in Saskatchewan.

Wanuskewin Heritage Park is a National Historic Site situated 5 km north of Saskatoon. It is an aboriginal archaeological site and features displays, special events and activities.

Saskatoon hosts many festivals and events in the summer, including the Shakespeare on the Saskatchewan Festival, Saskatchewan Jazz Festival, the Children's Festival, the Saskatoon International Fringe Festival (alternative Theatre), Folk Fest (cultural festival) and the Canada Remembers Airshow.

The Saskatoon Blades of the WHL host their games in Credit Union Centre (formerly known as Saskatchewan Place).

Police Services

Saskatoon Police Service

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Correctional Facilities

Saskatoon correctional centre

Regional Psychiatric Centre

Famous Saskatonians

Notable persons who were born or grew up in Saskatoon:

Location relative to other communities in Saskatchewan

North: Martensville | Warman
West: Biggar Saskatoon East: Humboldt
South: Dundurn

External links

pt:Saskatoon simple:Saskatoon

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