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September 11, 2001 attack opportunists

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Sept. 11, 2001 attacks
Timeline
Background history
Planning
September 11, 2001
Rest of September
October
Aftermath
Victims
Casualties
Missing people
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Hijacked Airlines
American Airlines Flight 11
United Airlines Flight 175
American Airlines Flight 77
United Airlines Flight 93
Sites of destruction
World Trade Center
The Pentagon
Shanksville
Effects
Government response
World political effects
World economic effects
Airport security
Closings and cancellations
Audiovisual entertainment
Response
Rescue and recovery effort
Financial assistance
Memorials and services
Perpetrators
Responsibility
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Miscellaneous
Communication
Slogans and terms
Misinformation and rumors
Opportunists
Inquiries
U.S. Congress Inquiry
9/11 Commission

There were isolated cases of commercial opportunism following the September 11, 2001 attacks and subsequent 2001 anthrax attack. Perhaps the most widespread accusation of opportunism was over gasoline price hikes that occurred across the United States.

Gasoline price rises

Immediately following the September 11, 2001 Attacks, rumors of skyrocketing gasoline prices led to a consumer panic in the United States; in the evening, long lines appeared at gas pumps in many areas of the country. Some gas stations ran out of fuel by the next morning. Authorities quickly stepped in to enforce price gouging laws and gasoline quickly returned to prices in line with the price of crude oil which rose slightly after the attack.

In Iowa, prices were rumored to reach $4.65 in the Quad Cities area, up from a typical range of $1.60 to $1.80 per gallon the previous weekend. The governor and attorney general issued statements to the effect they would investigate and prosecute instances of unreasonable price increases, and urged consumers to be calm. Penalty applied for gouging was $1000 USD fine if price exceeded $2.00 per gallon.

In Michigan some isolated gas stations briefly hit over $5.00 a gallon however the state attorney general vowed to prosecute for price gouging anyone charging over $2.00 a gallon. Some gas stations sold out of gas on the first night after the attack.

In Illinois, state attorney general Jim Ryan filed suit against convenience store chain Casey's Inc., for price gouging. The company faced a maximum penalty of $50,000 per offense if found guilty. Casey's subsequently offered refunds to customers.

In Minnesota, state officials declared there was no price gouging because people were willing to sit in hour long gas lines for 3 gallons of $5.00 gas. Some people were even filling up 30gal barrels with gas because of what people viewed as a possible shortage.

Cases were reported in Indiana, Virginia, Kansas and Missouri also.

At least in Missouri it caused a run on gas for a few hours due to local radio who reported the few isolated cases (giving them the name "shock jocks"). Which came first, the reports of price gouging or the price gouging?

Other opportunism

Several people fraudulently collected benefits for people who did not exist or engaged in other scams. At least $2.5 million was fraudulently taken.

Following the anthrax attacks, sales of Cipro and gas masks exploded, with e-mail spam from mail-order companies fanning fear to prop up sales.

Critics of the airline industry bailout considered that to be a form of illegitimate opportunism.

In a sign that 9/11 related frauds are still going strong, in October 2004, New York attorney general Elliot Spitzer began legal proceedings to stop the National Collector's Mint from selling coins commemorating the attacks. Their national TV commercials say that the coins are made of almost pure silver recovered from the basement of the World Trade Center; Spitzer claims that he has reason to think that all points of these statements are false.

See also Misinformation and rumors.

External links

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