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Shaanxi

From Academic Kids

Not to be confused with the neighboring province of Shanxi

Template:Infobox PRC province Shaanxi (Template:Zh-stpw; Postal System Pinyin: Shensi, pronounced like "Shahn-shee") is a northwestern province of the People's Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the southern part of the province.

By regular Hanyu Pinyin rules, both Shaanxi and the neighbouring province of Shanxi should be spelled as "Shanxi", and the difference is in tone: Shānxī and Shǎnxī. To make the difference clear even without tonal marks, the spelling "Shaanxi" was contrived for the province of Shǎnxī, while "Shanxi" is used for the province of Shānxī.

Contents

History

Shaanxi (and the city of Xian therein) is considered one of the cradle of Chinese civilization. 13 feudal dynasties have established their capitals in this province lasting more than 1100 years, from the Zhou dynasty to the Tang dynasty. It is also the starting point of the Silk Road which leads to the west.

During the Mongol rule in the 13th century, Shaanxi became a provincial unit. In the ensuing years, wars and famine have decimated and depopulated the province. As a result, large population of Muslims or Hui people emerged, as evident today. Under the Ming dynasty, Shaanxi was incorporated into Gansu but was again separated in the Qing dynasty.

See also: Chang'an, Zhou Dynasty, Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty, Sui Dynasty and Tang Dynasty

Geography

Desert in the north along the border with Inner Mongolia, the Loess Plateau in the central part of the province, the Qinling mountains running east to west in the south central part, and subtropical climate south of the Qinling mountains.

The northern part of Shaanxi is cold in the winter and very hot in summer with dry winter and spring. Its southern portion generally receives more rain. Annual mean temperature is roughly between 9'c and 16'c with january temperature ranging from -11'c to 3.5'c and july temperature ranging from 21'c to 28'c.

Other cities include: Baoji, Hanzhong, Lintong, Tongchuan, Xianyang, Yan'an, Ankang.

Economy

Shaanxi's nominal GDP for 2003 was 239.9 RMB (28.9 billion USD) and GDP Per Capita was 6536 RMB (789 USD).

Demographics

Nearly all the people in Shaanxi are comprised of ethnic Chinese Han, with pockets of Hui population in the north western region (adjacent to Ningxia). The southern part of Shaanxi -- where its provincial capital of Xian is located -- are more populated compared to the northern part.

Culture

  • Qinqiang, the representative folk opera of Shaanxi

Tourism

Miscellaneous topics

Professional sports teams based in Shaanxi include:

The most devastating earthquake in history occurred near Hua Shan, in south-eastern part of Shaanxi Province on January 24, 1556, killing an estimated 830,000 people. (See 1556 Shaanxi earthquake)

External links


Province-level divisions administered by the People's Republic of China Missing image
PRC_flag_large.png
Flag of the People's Republic of China

Provinces¹: Anhui | Fujian | Gansu | Guangdong | Guizhou | Hainan | Hebei | Heilongjiang | Henan | Hubei | Hunan | Jiangsu | Jiangxi | Jilin | Liaoning | Qinghai | Shaanxi | Shandong | Shanxi | Sichuan | Yunnan | Zhejiang
Autonomous Regions: Guangxi | Inner Mongolia | Ningxia | Tibet | Xinjiang
Municipalities: Beijing | Chongqing | Shanghai | Tianjin
Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong | Macau
¹ See also: Political status of Taiwan

de:Shaanxi es:Shaanxi fr:Shaanxi ja:陝西省 no:Shaanxi ro:Shǎnxī simple:Shaanxi fi:Shaanxi zh:陕西

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