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Shirley Temple

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Shirley Temple Black was a former child actress and United States diplomat

Shirley Jane Temple (born April 23, 1928), later known as Shirley Temple Black, is an American film actress and diplomat who is considered by many to be the most famous child actress in history.

Born in humble origins in Santa Monica, California, one of her first film roles was in Bright Eyes, for which she won a special Academy Award. It was in that film that she sang "On the Good Ship Lollipop"; though she often sang in her films, that was probably her most famous song. She subsequently starred in many films including Heidi, Poor Little Rich Girl, Dimples, The Little Colonel, Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, and Curly Top. By the mid-1930s she was the biggest box-office attraction in motion pictures, and the success of her films may have saved more than one major studio from bankruptcy during the Great Depression.

The role of Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz, played by Judy Garland, was originally intended for her.

Temple retired from film acting in her early twenties after appearing in such successful films such as Since You Went Away, Fort Apache, and The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer. Later appearances on television did not prove as popular as her films.

Temple was married first to actor John Agar; she was then 17 and though they had one daughter, the marriage soon ended in divorce. She married the California businessman Charles Alden Black in 1950; they had two children. She may have looked favorably on his admission while dating that he had never seen any of her films.

She subsequently became involved in Republican Party politics under her married name, unsuccessfully entering a Congressional race in 1967. She went on to hold several diplomatic posts, representing the United States in the United Nations in 1969-70 and as America's delegate to many international conferences and summits. She was also appointed American ambassador to Ghana (1974-1976) and Czechoslovakia (1989). In 1976, she became the first female Chief of Protocol of the United States which put in her charge of all State Department ceremonies, visits, gifts to foreign leaders and co-ordination of protocol issues with all US embassies and consultates. She also served on the board of directors of some large enterprises including Disney, Del Monte, Bancal Tri-State and Fireman's Fund Insurance. She received Kennedy Center Honors in 1998.

Her non-profit board appointments included the Institute for International Studies at Stanford University, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Council of American Ambassadors, and the World Affairs Council, the United States Commission for UNESCO, the National Committee on U.S. - China Relations, the United Nations Association and the U.S. Citizen's Space TaskForce.

Mrs. Black received honorary doctorates from Santa Clara University and Lehigh University, a Fellowship from College of Notre Dame, and a Chubb Fellowship from Yale University.

Filmography

See also

A Shirley Temple is also a non-alcoholic cocktail named for the child actress. It was invented at the Royal Hawaiian Hotel in Waikiki, Hawaii

External links

es:Shirley Temple eo:Shirley TEMPLE it:Shirley Temple ja:シャーリー・テンプル pl:Shirley Temple sv:Shirley Temple zh-cn:秀兰·邓波儿

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