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South

From Academic Kids

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CompassRose16_S.png
A compass rose with South highlighted

South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography.

South is one of the four cardinal directions or compass points. It is the opposite of North and at right angles to East and West.

By convention, the bottom side of a map is South.

To go south using a compass for navigation, set a bearing or azimuth of 180.

True south is the direction towards the southern end of the axis about which the earth rotates, called the South Pole. The South Pole is located in Antarctica. Magnetic south is the direction towards the south magnetic pole, some distance away from the south geographic pole.

It is the direction to the right of an observer facing east.


There are other uses of the word South:

  • The term The South is often used to refer to regions within particular nations or, more generally, the less culturally and technologically advanced nations of the world (from the generalization that many such nations are located in or near the Southern Hemisphere).
  • In the United Kingdom, "the South" is used to refer to the richer, supposedly more developed part of the country, and in the United States, the term "the South" is used to refer to states in the southeast that seceded from the Union during the Civil War. See also Southern United States, a region designated by the Census Bureau which includes the states which seceded during the Civil War as well as five border states.
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da:Syd de:Sden fr:Sud hi:दक्षिण id:Selatan it:Sud he:דרום nl:Zuid ja:南 no:Sr nn:Sr pl:Południe pt:Sul simple:South fi:Etel sv:Sder zh:南

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