Soyuz 14

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Soyuz 14
Mission Statistics
Mission Name: Soyuz 14
Call Sign: Беркут (Berkut - "Golden Eagle")
Number of Crew Members: 2
Launch: July 3, 1974
18:51:08 UTC
Baikonur
Landing: July 19, 1974
12:21:36 UTC
140km SE of Dzkezkazgan
Duration: 15 days, 17 h, 30 min, 28 s
Number of Orbits: 255

Crew

Mission Parameters

  • Mass: 6,800 kg
  • Perigee: 195 km
  • Apogee: 217 km
  • Inclination: 51.6
  • Period: 88.6 min

Mission highlights

Soyuz 14 carried cosmonauts Yuri Artyukhin and Pavel Popovich to the Salyut 3 space station. The mission was part of the Soviet Union's Almaz programme to evaluate military applications of human spaceflight. At the time, however, the military nature of this mission and the station itself were not acknowledged by Soviet authorities.

The crew tested the suitability of Salyut 3 as a manned military reconnaissance satellite. They also tested Almaz station systems, such as the solar arrays. The cosmonauts exercised for 2 hours each day to counter the effects of weightlessness. Because of this, they were able to climb from their Soyuz Ferry descent module without assistance at the end of their flight.

During their two-week stay on the station, the cosmonauts undertook military reconnaissance tasks and various biomedical experiments. All mission objectives were reportedly met.

Template:Sequencepl:Sojuz 14

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