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Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire

From Academic Kids

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (23 July,1833 - 24 March,1908) was a British Liberal statesman, previously known (1858-1891) as Marquess of Hartington (a courtesy title).

Cavendish was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge and entered Parliament in 1857. Between 1863 and 1874 Hartington held various Government posts, including lord of the Admiralty, under-secretary for war, postmaster-general, and chief secretary for Ireland. In 1875 he became Leader of the Liberal opposition, and in 1880, after the fall of Benjamin Disraeli's government, he was invited to form a government, but chose instead to serve under William Ewart Gladstone as Secretary of State for India (1880-1882) and Secretary of State for War (1882-1885). In 1886 he broke with Gladstone over Irish Home Rule, and became the leader of the Liberal Unionists. Queen Victoria asked him twice more in 1886-7 to form a government, but again he declined, giving support from the back benches to the Conservative government of Lord Salisbury. Devonshire eventually joined Salisbury's government in 1895 as Lord President of the Council. He resigned from the government in 1903, and from the Liberal Unionist Association the following spring, in protest at Joseph Chamberlain's Tariff Reform scheme.

He was married in 1892, at the age of 59, to Louisa Frederica Augusta von Alten, the wife of the late William Drogo Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester.



Preceded by:
The Earl De Grey
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War
1863–1866
Succeeded by:
The Lord Dufferin and Clandeboye
Preceded by:
The Earl De Grey
Secretary of State for War
1866
Succeeded by:
Jonathan Peel
Preceded by:
The Duke of Montrose
Postmaster-General
1868–1871
Succeeded by:
William Monsell
Preceded by:
Chichester Fortescue
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1871–1874
Succeeded by:
Sir Michael Hicks-Beach
Preceded by:
William Ewart Gladstone
Leader of the British Liberal Party
co-equal with The Earl Granville
1875–1880
Succeeded by:
William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by:
The Viscount Cranbrook
Secretary of State for India
1880–1882
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Kimberley
Preceded by:
Hugh Childers
Secretary of State for War
1882–1885
Succeeded by:
William Henry Smith
Preceded by:
(none)
Leader of the Liberal Unionist Association
1886–1903
Succeeded by:
Joseph Chamberlain
Preceded by:
The Earl of Rosebery
Lord President of the Council
1895–1903
Succeeded by:
The Marquess of Londonderry
Preceded by:
The Marquess of Salisbury
Leader of the House of Lords
1902–1903
Succeeded by:
The Marquess of Lansdowne

Template:End box

Preceded by:
William Cavendish
Duke of Devonshire Succeeded by:
Victor Cavendish
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