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Spiritualism

From Academic Kids

Spiritualism is a religion - primarily of Europe and the USA - with a broadly Christian stance and a central focus on mediumship to demonstrate the continued existence of the soul.

Contents

Background

Spiritualism in its modern incarnation started in the mid-19th century in the United States and essentially grew out of Christianity. It is still perceived as largely Christian in its broadest sense. Aside from differences such as the demonstration of mediumship central to its services, it has beliefs in common such as an essentially Christian moral system, the Fatherhood of God and an afterlife similar to the Christian Heaven, as well as similar practical formats such as Sunday services and the singing of hymns.

However, its beliefs are not generally viewed as orthodox Christian, and many people from other traditions and religions take the title Spiritualist. In the United Kingdom there are many Spiritualist Churches that are non-denominational and welcome anyone from any religion. Spiritualism as a church is, however, is distinct from Kardecist Spiritism and its offshoots, and from New Age movements that practise otherwise similar mediumship as channeling.

Spiritualism as a religion is also distinct from the broader concept of spirituality.

The related word "Spiritism" has various usages:

  • Kardecist Spiritism - the specific body of spiritualist beliefs, especially significant in Brazil, originated by Allan Kardec
  • a pejorative synonym for Spiritualism used by its opponents such as some Christian churches
  • a largely archaic general term for belief systems involving spirits

Organizations

Specific Religions and Thought Currents

Theorists and Proponents

Well-known Believers

Critics and Exposers

Exposed Frauds

Miscellaneous

See also

External links

  • Spiritualism (http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/nrms/Spiritsm.html) Religious Movements Homepage
  • Spiritism (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14221a.htm), The Catholic Encyclopedia.
  • Spiritualism (http://groups-beta.google.com/group/Spiritualism/) Google groups
  • Dunedin Spiritualist Centre (http://www.geocities.com/spiritualistcentre/), formerly Dunedin Spiritualist Church. Information, Links and Articles relating to Spiritualism.bg:Спиритуализъм

de:Spiritualismus ja:心霊主義 pl:Spirytualizm pt:Espiritualismo

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