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State of Palestine

From Academic Kids

The State of Palestine (Arabic: دولة فلسطين) was proclaimed on November 15, 1988 by the Palestinian National Council, the legislative body of the PLO, in Algiers, by a vote of 253-46, with 10 abstentions. The declaration invoked the Treaty of Lausanne (1923) and UN General Assembly Resolution 181 in support of its claim to a "State of Palestine on our Palestinian territory with its capital Jerusalem". It became the most diplomatically successful of a number of efforts to create a Palestinian state, despite the fact that, because the State of Palestine did not have control over any territory at the time, it did not fulfill the typical requirement of an autonomous state — being in possession of sovereign territory. Currently, the Palestinian National Authority, along with the United States, the European Union, and the Arab League, envision the gradual establishment of a State of Palestine to include all or part of the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem, with a government based on the Palestinian National Authority.

دولة فلسطين
Dawlat Filastin
Missing image
Flag_of_Palestine.png


Flag of Palestine
Official language Arabic
Proclaimed capital Jerusalem
Declaration of Independence 15 November 1988
National anthem Biladi

The State of Palestine was recognized immediately by the Arab League, and about half the world's governments recognize it today. It maintains embassies in these countries (which are generally Palestine Liberation Organization delegations). The State of Palestine is not recognized by the United Nations or by any Cold-War-era NATO country. However, some European Union countries, including the United Kingdom, maintain diplomatic ties with the Palestinian Authority, established under the Oslo Accords.

While the declaration concerns Palestine as defined by the British Mandate of Palestine, which includes the whole of Israel, it is generally interpreted to have recognized Israel within its pre-1967 boundaries, or was at least a major step on the path to recognition. Just as in Israel's declaration of independence, it partly bases its claims on UN GA 181. By reference to "resolutions of Arab Summits" and "UN resolutions since 1947" (like SC 242) it implicitly and perhaps ambiguously restricted its immediate claims to the Palestinian territories and Jerusalem. It was accompanied by a political statement that explicitly mentioned SC 242 and other UN resolutions and called only for withdrawal from "Arab Jerusalem" and the other "Arab territories occupied." [1] (http://www.al-bab.com/arab/docs/pal/pal4.htm) Yasser Arafat's statements in Geneva a month later were accepted by the United States as sufficient to remove the ambiguities it saw in the declaration and to fulfill the longheld conditions for open dialogue with the United States.

Contents

States that recognize the State of Palestine

A total of 93 countries fully recognise the Palestinian Authority, and eleven more grant some form of diplomatic status to a Palestinian delegation, falling short of full diplomatic recognition. [2] (http://www.pna.gov.ps/Government/gov/recognition_of_the_State_of_Palestine.asp)

The following are listed in alphabetical order by region.

Africa

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Libya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Americas

Cuba, Nicaragua.

Asia

Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China (PRC), India, Indonesia, Korea (DPRK), Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Vietnam.

Europe

Albania, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, Vatican City

Mid-East

Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Syria.

Oceania

Vanuatu.

States granting special diplomatic status

UN Representation

The PLO gained observer status at the UN General Assembly in 1974 (General Assembly resolution 3237). Acknowledging the proclamation of the State of Palestine, the UN redesignated this observer status as belonging to Palestine in 1988 (General Assembly resolution 43/177.) In July 1998, the General Assembly adopted a new resolution (52/250) conferring upon Palestine additional rights and privileges, including the right to participate in the general debate held at the start of each session of the General Assembly, the right of reply, the right to co-sponsor resolutions and the right to raise points of order on Palestinian and Middle East issues. By this resolution, "seating for Palestine shall be arranged immediately after non-member States and before the other observers." This resolution was adopted by a vote of 124 in favour, 4 against (Israel, USA, Marshall Islands, Micronesia) and 10 abstentions.

See also

External links:


Arab League Flag of the League of Arab States
Algeria | Bahrain | Comoros | Djibouti | Egypt | Iraq | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Libya | Mauritania | Morocco | Oman | State of Palestine | Qatar | Saudi Arabia | Somalia | Sudan | Syria | Tunisia | United Arab Emirates | Yemen
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