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Sub-provincial city

From Academic Kids

This article is part
of the series:
Political divisions of China
Province level
Provinces
Autonomous regions
Municipalities
Special Administrative Regions
Prefecture level
Prefectures
Autonomous prefectures
Prefecture-level cities
(incl. Sub-provincial cities)
Leagues
County level
Counties
Autonomous counties
County-level cities
(incl. Sub-prefecture-level cities)
Districts
Banners
Autonomous banners
Township level
Townships
Ethnic townships
Towns
Subdistricts
Sumu
Ethnic sumu
District public offices

A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the People's Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. The mayor of a sub-provincial city is equal in status to a vice-governor of a province. Its status is below that of a municipality, which do not belong to any province, but above other, regular prefecture-level cities, which are completely ruled by their provinces. The original 16 sub-provincial cities were created in on February 25, 1994 by the Central Organization Committee out of prefecture-level cities. They are sometimes the capitals of the provinces they are in.

Presently, there are 15 sub-provincial cities:

Chongqing was formerly a sub-provincial city of Sichuan until 1997, when it was made a municipality by splitting it out of Sichuan altogether. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps also has the powers of a sub-provincial city. Besides, the head of Pudong District of Shanghai, which is a county-level district, is given sub-provincial powers.

Guangzhou, Harbin and Chengdu are the largest sub-provincial cities; each has a population exceeding that of the municipality of Tianjin.

The National Standing Committee of Sub-provincial Municipal People's Congresses' Chairmen Joint Conference (全国副省级城市人大常委会主任联席会议) are attended by the chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of all sub-provincial cities. It was proposed by Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress in 1985. The conferences:

  • 1. February 26 to March 4, 1985, Guangzhou
  • ...
  • 17. October 30 - November 2, 2001, Guangzhou
  • ...
  • 19. October 8 - ?, 2003, Wuhanja:副省級市

zh:副省级城市

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