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Suffering

From Academic Kids

"Sad" redirects here; for the three letter acronym, see SAD.
"Sadness" also redirects here; for the Enigma single, see Sadeness (Part I).

Suffering is any unwanted condition and the corresponding negative emotion. It is usually associated with pain and unhappiness, but any condition can be suffering if it is unwanted. Antonyms include happiness or pleasure.

In a phrase like "suffering from a disease" emphasis is on having the disease, less on the unhappiness it causes.

Emotions

Acceptance
Anger
Anticipation
Boredom
Disgust
Envy
Fear
Guilt
Hate
Joy
Jealousy
Love
Remorse
Sorrow
Surprise

Related terms are sadness, sorrow and grief. Some view anger as a type of suffering. Boredom, or ennui is the suffering from a lack of interesting things to experience or do (physically or intellectually), while not in the mood of "doing nothing".

Contents

Abolitionism

As distinct from the movement to abolish slavery (Abolitionism), Abolitionism is also used to describe the project to eliminate all forms of suffering. See: [1] (http://www.abolitionist-society.com/) [2] (http://www.hedweb.com/) [3] (http://www.abolitionism.com/)

Buddhism

In Buddhism, the central problem is identified as dukkha, a term in Pali and Sanskrit which can be translated as suffering or unsatisfactoriness. The fundamental principles of Buddhism, the Four Noble Truths, describe dukkha and a method of "awakening" from it. See also: samsara.

Christianity

The book of Job is widely regarded as a profound poetical reflection on the nature and meaning of suffering. For other biblical references to suffering, mostly from the New Testament, see: [4] (http://bibletools.org/index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/ISBE/Topic/Suffering_1) [5] (http://www.answersingenesis.org/docs2002/death_suffering.asp)

Language

An alternative meaning of "suffer" is "to tolerate".

Law

The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1984 defines "torture" as involving "suffering":

"...the term 'torture' means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions."

Similarly, the Rome statute of the International Criminal Court, 1998, defines "torture" as a crime against humanity involving "suffering":

"'Torture' means the intentional infliction of severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, upon a person in the custody or under the control of the accused; except that torture shall not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to, lawful sanctions."

See also

nl:Lijden

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