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Suffolk

From Academic Kids

For other uses, see Suffolk (disambiguation).
Suffolk
Image:EnglandSuffolk.png
Geography
Status:Ceremonial & Administrative County
Region:East of England
Area:
- Total
- Admin. council
Ranked 8th
3,801 km²
Ranked 7th
Admin HQ:Ipswich
ISO 3166-2:GB-SFK
ONS code:42
NUTS 3:UKH14
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2003 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
Ranked 32nd
678,074
178 / km²
Ranked 14th
Ethnicity:97.2% White
Politics
Suffolk County Council
http://www.suffolkcc.gov.uk/
Executive:Conservative
Members of Parliament
Bob Blizzard, John Gummer, Michael Lord, Chris Mole, David Ruffley, Richard Spring, Tim Yeo
Districts
Missing image
SuffolkNumbered.png
Image:SuffolkNumbered.png

  1. Ipswich
  2. Suffolk Coastal
  3. Waveney
  4. Mid Suffolk
  5. Babergh
  6. St Edmundsbury
  7. Forest Heath

Suffolk (pronounced 'suffuk') is a large traditional and administrative county in the East Anglia region of eastern England. It has borders with Norfolk to the north, Cambridgeshire to the west and Essex to the south. The North Sea lies to the east. The county town is Ipswich, at Template:Coor dms and other important towns are Lowestoft and Bury St Edmunds.

The county is low-lying with few hills, and is largely wetland habitat and arable land. The Suffolk Broads area is part of The Broads National Park, and the Suffolk Coast and Heaths is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Contents

History

Main article: History of Suffolk

Suffolk was part of the kingdom of East Anglia which was settled by the Angles in the 5th century.

From 1889 to 1974, Suffolk was split into two administrative counties, East Suffolk and West Suffolk, with East Suffolk's council based in Ipswich, and West Suffolk's in Bury St Edmunds.

Geology, landscape and ecology

Much of Suffolk is low-lying on Eocene sand and clays. These rocks are relatively unresistant and on the coast are eroded rapidly. Coastal defences have been used to protect several towns, but several cliff-top houses have been lost to coastal erosion in the past.

The west of the county lies on more resistant Cretaceous Chalk. This chalk is the north-eastern extreme of the Southern England Chalk Formation that stretches from Dorset in the south west to Dover in the south east. The Chalk is less easily eroded so forms the only significant hills in the county. The highest point of the county is Great Wood Hill, the highest point of the Newmarket Ridge, near the village of Rede which reaches 128m (420ft).

Demographics

The Census 2001 Suffolk recorded a population of 668,548. Between 1981 and 2001 the population of the county grew by 13%, with the district of Mid Suffolk growing fastest at 25%. The population growth is due largely to migration rather than natural increase. There is a very low population between the ages of 15 and 29 as the county has few large towns and universities, though the 15 to 29 population in Ipswich is average. There is a larger population over the age of 35, and a larger than average retired population.

Cities, towns and villages

The agreed upon number of established communities in Suffolk varies greatly because of the large number of the all but non-existent hamlets which may consist of just a single farm and a deconsecrated church: remnants of wealthy communities, some dating back to the early days of the Christian era. Suffolk encompasses one of the most ancient regions of the UK: A monastery in Bury St. Edmunds founded in 630AD, plotting of the Magna Carta in 1215; the oldest documented structural element of a still inhabited dwelling in Britain found in Clare.

This comparatively recent evidence is but a coda to the widespread settlement in the region shown by earlier archaeological evidence of Mesolithic man as far back as c.7000BC, (Grimes Graves, Norfolk - a 5000 y/o flint mine) with Roman settlements Lakenheath, Long Melford, later Bronze and Saxon settlements. Sutton Hoo: burial ground of the Anglo-Saxon pagan kings of East Anglia.

For a full list of settlements see the List of places in Suffolk.

Places of interest

Missing image
Suffolk_Landscape.jpg
Suffolk Landscape

External links

References

  • Suffolk County Council, Census 2001 results (http://www.suffolkcc.gov.uk/e-and-t/documents/2001Censusresults.pdf) (PDF)


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