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Svealand

From Academic Kids

Svealand is a historical region of Sweden. Geographically it is located in central Sweden, bounded to the north by Norrland and to the south by Götaland. Deep forests, Tiveden, Tylöskog, Kolmården, separated Svealand from Götaland. The inhabitants were called Svear.

Svealand.  was counted to Götaland until the 19th century, which is indicated on the map by a darker shade.
Svealand. Wermelandia was counted to Götaland until the 19th century, which is indicated on the map by a darker shade.

Svealand consist of the capital region Mälardalen in the east, Roslagen to the north-east, the Mining District Bergslagen in the center, and Dalecarlia in the west.

The name of Sweden in Swedish, Svea rike (current spelling: Sverige) or the Realm of the Svear originally only referred to Svealand. Other forms are Sweoðeod (Old Norse/Icelandic Svíþjóð), and Sweorice. As the domains of the Swedish kings grew, the name Svealand began to be used to separate the original original territory from the new.

Provinces

Svealand is made up of the following six provinces:

Dalecarlia Missing image
Närke.png
Nericia

Sudermannia
Uplandia Wermelandia Westmannia

History

Svealand was the original Sweden, to which it gave its name. This is supported by linguistics and is based on early medieval sources, such as the sagas. In Old Norse and in Old English, Svealand and Sweden are synonymous, and described as a separate country from Götaland/Gautland/Geatland. In Sögubrot af Nokkrum[1] (http://www.snerpa.is/net/forn/sogubrot.htm) for instance, Kolmården between Svealand and Ostrogothia is described as the border between Sweden and Ostrogothia (...Kolmerkr, er skilr Svíþjóð ok Eystra-Gautland...), and in Hervarar saga[2] (http://www.snerpa.is/net/forn/hervar.htm), king Ingold I rides to Sweden through Ostrogothia: Ingi konungr fór með hirð sína ok sveit nokkura ok hafði lítinn her. Hann reið austr um Smáland ok í eystra Gautland ok svá í Svíþjóð. The lord Bo Jonsson Grip was probably the one who was best acquainted with the geography of the Swedish kingdom since he owned more than half of it. In 1384, he stated in his testament that the kingdom consisted of Swerige (Sweden, i.e. Svealand), Österland (i.e. Finland) and Göthaland (i.e. Götaland).

A crusade to the east started by the kings of Svealand during the 12th century eventually conquered the provinces of Österland, an older name for Finland.

For a time in the early 19th century, the province of Wermelandia belonged to the Court of Appeal for Svealand. Even though Värmland historically belonged to Götaland, it has by custom long been considered part of Svealand.

See also

eo:Svealand fi:Sveanmaa sv:Svealand

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