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Table of pistol and rifle cartridges by year

From Academic Kids

Table of selected pistol and rifle cartridges by year.


Name Date Nation Metric Comments
.44 Smith & Wesson 1869 USA - -
.45-70 Government - USA - One of the oldest centerfire cartridges still in existence
.32 Smith & Wesson 1870 USA - -
.44-40 Winchester 1873 USA - .427
.45 Colt 1873 USA 11.43 × 23 mm -
.45 Long Colt 1873 USA - for both pistol and rifle
.32-20 Winchester 1882 USA - -
.38-55 Winchester 1884 USA - -
.30-400 Krag - USA - -
.38 Long Colt - USA - -
7.92 × 57 mm Mauser 1888 Germany 7.92 x 57 mm -
7.62 x 54R 1891 Russia 7.62 x 54 mm Rimmed
.303 British 1892 Britain 7.7 x 56 mm Rimmed
7 × 57 mm Mauser 1892 Germany 7 × 57 mm -
8 × 57 mm Mauser - Germany 8 × 57 mm -
6.5 × 55 mm 1895 Sweden 6.5 × 55 mm -
.30-30 Winchester 1895 USA - First smokeless cartridge designed for big game hunting
6.5 × 50 mm 1897 Japan 6.5 × 50 mm -
7.65 mm Browning 1899 Belgium - .32 ACP
7.65 mm Parabellum 1900 Germany - Also .30 Luger
.32 Smith & Wesson Long 1901 USA - long .32 S&W
9 mm Luger 1902 Germany 9 × 19 mm AKA 9 mm Parabellum
.177 - - - -
.38 Special 1902 USA - -
.45 ACP 1905 USA - Automatic Colt Pistol
.32 Winchester 1905 USA - -
.35 Remington 1906 USA - -
.25 ACP 1906 - 6.35 mm -
.30-06 Springfield 1906 USA - -
.470 Nitro Express 1907 Britain - Joseph Lang
short .30–03, .30 M2 - - - -
.44 Special 1908 USA - -
9 mm Browning Short 1912 Belgium - also called .380 Automatic
250-3000 1915 USA - 3000 ft/s
.300 Savage 1920 USA - -
.270 Winchester 1925 USA - -
.38 Super Auto 1929 USA - -
.22 Hornet 1930 USA - .223, 5.6 mm
7.92 SD 1934 Poland 7,92 x 107 mm Used for kbk ppanc wz.35 anti-tank rifle
.357 Magnum 1935 USA - Long .38 Special
.220 Swift 1935 USA - -
.348 Winchester 1936 USA - -
7.9 mm Kurz 1938 Germany - -
.218 Bee 1938 USA - -
10 mm auto 1938 - - -
7.7 × 58 mm 1939 Japan - -
.30 M1 Carbine 1940 USA 7.62 × 33 mm -
7.62 x 39 mm 1943 USSR - .311 from 7.9 mm Kurz
.222 Remington 1950 USA - -
7.62 x 51 mm 1950 USA - NATO (1953), T65 .308
.454 Casull 1954 USA - Long .45 Colt
.308 Winchester 1955 USA - Civilian 7.62 mm NATO
.44 Remington Magnum 1955 USA - Long .44 Special
.223 Remington 1955 USA - Long .222 Remington
.243 Winchester 1955 USA - 6 mm, from .308
.458 Winchester Magnum 1956 USA - -
.280 Remington 1957 USA - from .30-06
.460 Weatherby Magnum - USA - -
5.56 × 45 mm 1960 USA - -
.223 - - - -
.256 Magnum 1962 USA - formed from .357 Magnum
7mm Remington Magnum 1962 USA - -
.300 Winchester Magnum 1963 USA - -
.41 Magnum 1964 USA - -
.444 Marlin 1964 USA - long .44 Magnum, .429
.22-250 Remington 1965 USA - Varminter
.44 AMP 1971 USA - .429
.30 Herritt 1973 USA - short .30-30 Winchester
5.45 x 39 mm 1974 USSR - AK-74, .215
.22 PPC 1974 USA - -
6 mm PPC 1975 USA - from .22 PPC, .243
6.5 mm JDJ 1978 USA - From .225 case
.45 Winchester Magnum 1979 USA - long .45 ACP
5.56mm SS–109 1979 Belgium - NATO (1980), 2nd gen.
7mm –08 Remington 1980 USA - -
.32 Harrington & Richardson 1984 USA - long .32 S&W Long
.41 AE 1986 USA - Action Express
.416 Remington Magnum 1988 USA - -
.50 AE 1988 USA - for IMI Desert Eagle
.40 Smith & Wesson 1990 USA - -
5.7 mm SS190 1990 Belgium 5.7 x 28 mm PDW — Defeats Class IIIA body armour
.307 Winchester 1992 USA - -
.224-BOZ - Britain - 5.56 × 23 mm, in 10 mm case
.357 SIG 1994 Germany/USA - 40 S&W necked down to 9 mm
450 Marlin 2000 USA - Derived from 45–70 Govt.
480 Ruger 2001 USA - Derived from 475 Linebaugh
.300 WSM 2001 USA - Winchester Short Magnum
.270 WSM 2002 USA - Winchester Short Magnum
7 mm WSM 2002 USA - Winchester Short Magnum
.223 WSSM 2003 USA - Winchester Super Short Magnum
.243 WSSM 2003 USA - Winchester Super Short Magnum
.45 GAP 2003 Austria - GLOCK Automatic Pistol
.500 Smith & Wesson Magnum 2003 USA - -
.45-110 Sharps - USA - "The Legendary Sharp"
.204 Ruger 2004 USA -
.25 WSSM 2004 USA - Winchester Super Short Magnum
.325 WSM 2005 USA - Winchester Short Magnum
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