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Tiara

From Academic Kids

This article is part of the
hats and headgear series:
Overview of headgear
Hats; Bonnets; Caps
Hoods; Helmets; Wigs
Masks; Veils; Scarves
Tiaras; Papal tiaras
Crowns; Types of crowns
List of hats and headgear

Beauty pageant tiara
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Beauty pageant tiara

A tiara (from Persian تاره tara borrowed by Latin as 'tiara') is a form of crown. There are two possible types of crown that this word can refer to.

Traditionally, the word "tiara" refers to a high crown, often with the shape of a cylinder narrowed at its top, made of fabric or leather, and richly ornamented. It was used by the kings and emperors of some ancient peoples in Mesopotamia. The Assyrians used to include a pair of bull horns as a decoration and symbol of authority and a circle of short feathers surrounding the tiara's top. The Persian tiara was more similar to a truncated cone, without the horns and feathers but more jewels, and a conic-shaped tip at its top. In Catholicism, the Papal Tiara is a high cap surrounded by three crowns and bearing a globe surmounted by a cross worn by the Pope during certain ceremonies, being the symbol of his authority. Since Pope Paul VI, set aside his tiara after the Second Vatican Council, the Papal Tiara has not been used. Pope Benedict XVI even removed the tiara from his Coat of Arms, replacing it with a mitre.

In modern times, however, a tiara is generally a semi-circular band, often metal-made and decorated with jewels. It is worn by women around their head or on the forehead. They are frequently used to "crown" the winners of beauty pageants. The fictional superheroine Wonder Woman is usually depicted wearing a tiara; hers can be thrown as a weapon, as can that worn by the character known as The Pope. See also Diadem.de:Tiara nl:tiara

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