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Tie (draw)

From Academic Kids

To tie or draw is to finish a competition with identical or inconclusive results.

In some sports and games, ties are possible.

  • American football: Tie games, which were commonplace through the 1960s, have become exceedingly rare.
    • In the National Football League, an additional period is played, and the game ends when one side scores by any method. In the regular season, if the score remains even at the end of one extra period, the game is declared a tie; in the playoffs, the game continues until a winner is determined.
    • Ties were once possible in college football, but in the 1990s an overtime procedure was introduced to make this no longer a possibility.
    • Ara Parseghian, famous former head American football coach at the University of Notre Dame, once said that a tie was like "kissing your sister."
  • Baseball: Ties are relatively rare in baseball, since the practice dating back to the earliest days of the game is to play extra innings until one side has the lead after an equal number of innings played. In North American Major League Baseball, a game may end in a tie only due to weather or darkness (although darkness is virtually impossible now that all Major League parks have floodlights). A tie game is not counted as played in the official standings unless it is completed or entirely replayed at a later date. In Japan, a game tied after nine innings may continue for up to three extra innings, after which the game is called a tie.
  • Basketball: Ties are very rare in basketball due to the high-scoring nature of the game: if the score is tied at the end of regulation, the rules provide that as many extra periods as necessary will be played until one side has a higher score. However, on rare occasions time or other circumstances have not allowed a game to be completed to a decision, and a tie has been declared.
  • Boxing: When a match ends with completion of the specified maximum number of rounds, and the judges of the match have awarded an equal amount of points to both contestants, the match is declared a draw. Draws are relatively rare in boxing: certain scoring systems make it impossible for a judge to award equal points for a match.
  • Cricket: Cricket makes a clear distinction between a tie and a draw, which are two different possible results of a game.
    • A tie is the identical result that occurs when each team has scored the same number of runs after their allotted innings. This is very rare in Test cricket and has happened only twice in its long history, but they are slightly more commonplace in limited-overs matches.
    • A draw is the inconclusive result that occurs when the allotted playing time for the game expires without the teams having completed their innings. This is relatively common, occurring in 20-30% of Test matches. Limited-overs matches cannot be drawn, although they can end with a no result if abandoned because of weather or other factors.
  • Football (soccer): If both sides have scored an equal number of goals within regulation time (usually 90 minutes), the game is usually counted as a draw. In elimination games, where a winner must be determined to progress to the next stage of the tournament, two periods of extra time are played. If the score remains even after this time, the match technically remains a draw; however, kicks from the penalty mark (penalty shootouts) are used to determine which team is to progress to the next stage of the tournament.
In two-legged matches in which a winner must be determined, extra time is not necessarily employed. If the match is level on aggregate goals at the end of the second leg, some governing bodies apply the away goals rule to determine a winner. Extra time is only played if away goals do not produce a winner. All UEFA (European) club competitions use away goals; by contrast, no CONMEBOL (South America) competitions use this rule.
  • Ice hockey: If the score is even after three periods, the game may end in a tie, or overtime may be played. In the National Hockey League, the regular-season tie-breaker is five minutes long, with each side playing one man short. A goal wins the game in sudden death; otherwise, it ends in a tie. In the playoffs, the game continues with each side at full strength (barring penalties) until a team scores.de:Unentschieden
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