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Transcontinental railroad

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A transcontinental railroad is a railway that crosses a continent, typically from "sea to sea". Terminals are at or connected to different Oceans. Because Europe is criss-crossed by railroads, railroads within Europe are usually not considered, the Orient Express perhaps being an exception.

Contents

Americas

Panama (then part of Colombia)

  • The first transcontinental railroad was the Panama Railway, completed in 1855. Near the narrowest point on the continent, it is only 48 miles long.

United States

Canada

South America

  • There is activity to revive the connection between Valparaiso and Santiago in Chile and Mendoza, Argentina through the Transandino project. Mendoza has an active connection to Buenos Aires. The old Transandino began in 1910 and ceased passenger service in 1978 and freight 4 years later. Technically a complete transcontinental link exists from Arica, Chile, to La Paz, Bolivia, to Buenos Aires, but this transandean crossing is for freight only.

Asia

  • The first Asian transcontinental railroad was the Trans-Siberian railway (with connecting lines in Europe), completed in 1905. It is the world's longest rail line at 9,289km (5,772 miles) long.

Australia

Africa

East-West

  • There are two African transcontinental east-west railroads. One is the Benguela railway that was completed in 1929. It starts in Lobito, Angola and connects through Katanga to the Zambia railways system. From Zambia three ports are accessible on the Indian ocean: Dar es Salaam in Tanzania through the TAZARA, and , through Zimbabwe, Beira and Maputo in Mozambique. The Angolan Civil War has made the Benguela line largely inoperative, but efforts are being taken to restore it. The second east-west corridor is further South with the starting point at Walvis Bay in Namibia. It is connected to the South African rail system that, in turn, links to ports on the Indian Ocean ( i.e. Durban, Maputo).

North-South

See also

The Old Transandino (http://www.geocities.com/Baja/Mountain/4163/99_01.html)ko:대륙횡단철도

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