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Treaty of Greenville

From Academic Kids

The Treaty of Greenville was signed on August 3, 1795 between a coalition of Native Americans ("Indians") and the United States following the Native American loss at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. It put an end to the Northwest Indian War. The United States was represented by General Anthony Wayne, who defeated the Indians and razed their villages a year earlier at Fallen Timbers. In exchange for monetary compensation the Native Americans turned over to the United States:

White settlers largely ignored the boundaries of this treaty, and after its signing settlements sprang up quickly in Native American territory.

Native American tribes signing the treaty:

The treaty established what became known as the "Greenville Treaty Line", which was for several years a boundary between Native American territory and lands open to white settlers, although the treaty line was frequently disregarded by settlers as they continued to encroach on native lands guaranteed by the treaty.

The treaty line began at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River in present-day Cleveland and ran south along the river to the portage between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas River in what is now known as the Portage Lakes area between Akron and Canton. The line continued down the Tuscarawas to Fort Laurens near present-day Bolivar. From there the line ran west-southwest to near present-day Fort Loramie on a branch of the Great Miami River. From there, the line ran west-northwest to Fort Recovery, on the Wabash River near the present-day boundary between Ohio and Indiana. From Fort Recovery, the line ran south-southwest to the Ohio River at a point opposite the mouth of the Kentucky River in present-day Carrollton, Kentucky.

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