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U.S. 4th Infantry Division

From Academic Kids

 of the United States Army Fourth Infantry Division (Mechanized).
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Patch of the United States Army Fourth Infantry Division (Mechanized).

The 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) is a combat division of the United States Army based at Fort Hood, Texas. It is the most technologically advanced combat division in the U.S. Army.

The division has two nicknames, the first, "Ivy," is a play on words of the Roman numeral IV or 4. Ivy leaves also symbolize tenacity and fidelity which is the basis of the division's motto: "Steadfast and Loyal". The second nickname, "Iron Horse", has been recently adopted to indicate the speed and power of the division.

Contents

History

World War I

The division was formed in 1917 and was part of the Allied Expeditionary Force during World War I where the division suffered over 11,000 casualties.

World War II

The Fourth Division arrived in the UK in early 1944. It took part in the Normandy Invasion, with the 8th Infantry Regiment of the 4th Division was one of the first Allied units to hit the beaches at Normandy on D-day, June 6 1944. Relieving the isolated 82d Airborne Division at Sainte-Mère-Église, the 4th cleared the Cotentin peninsula and took part in the capture of Cherbourg on June 25. After taking part in the fighting near Periers, July 6-12, the Division broke through the left flank of the German Seventh Army, helped stem the German drive toward Avranches, and by the end of August had moved to Paris, assisting the French in the liberation of their capital. The 4th then moved into Belgium through Houffalize to attack the Siegfried Line at Schnee Eifel on September 14, and made several penetrations. Slow progress into Germany continued in October, and by November 6 the Division reached the Hurtgen Forest, where a severe engagement took place until early December. It then shifted to Luxembourg, only to meet the German winter offensive head-on on December 16 1944. Although its lines were dented, it managed to hold the Germans at Dickweiler and Osweiler, and, counterattacking in January across the Sauer, overran German positions in Fouhren and Vianden. Halted at the Prum in February by heavy enemy resistance, the Division finally crossed on February 28 near Olzheim, and raced on across the Kyll on March 7. After a short rest, the 4th moved across the Rhine on March 29 at Worms, attacked and secured Würzburg and by April 3 had established a bridgehead across the Main at Ochsenfurt. Speeding southeast across Bavaria, the Division had reached Miesbach on the Isar on May 2 1945, when it was relieved and placed on occupation duty.

July 1945 - May 1956

The Division returned to the United States in July 1945 and was stationed at Camp Butner North Carolina, preparing for deployment to the Pacific. After the war ended it was inactivated on March 5 1946. It was reactivated as a training division at Fort Ord, California on July 15 1947.

On October 1 1950, it was redesignated a combat division, training at Fort Benning, Georgia. In May 1951 it deployed to Germany as the first of four US divisions committed to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization during the early years of the Cold War. The division headquarters was at Frankfurt. After a five-year tour in Germany, the division redeployed to Fort Lewis, Washington in May 1956.

Vietnam War

The division took part in the Vietnam War and took part in 11 campaigns in 5 years. During this time, They were referred to as the "Flower Power Fourth".

Iraq War

The 4th Infantry Division was scheduled to take part in the Iraq War in the spring of 2003 by spearheading an advance from Turkey into northern Iraq. The Turkish Parliament refused to grant permission for the operation and the division's equipment remained offshore on ships during the buildup for the war. The 4th was unable to deploy in time to take part in the invasion but arrived as follow-on forces and have been a major part of occupation forces during the post-war period. It has been deployed in Tikrit area, in the northern area of the Sunni Triangle. On December 13, 2003, a unit of the 4th captured Saddam Hussein, former President of Iraq. The division rotated out of Iraq in the Spring of 2004, and has been relieved by the 1st Infantry Division.

Units

1st Brigade (Raiders)
G-Troop 10th Cavalry (Recon)
1st Battalion 22nd Infantry (Regulars)
4th Battalion 42nd Field Artillery (Straight Arrows)
1st Battalion 66th Armor (Iron Knights)
3rd Battalion 66th Armor (Lancers)
299th Engineer Battalion (Proven Pioneer)
2nd Brigade (Warhorse)
2nd Battalion 8th Infantry (First at Normandy)
1st Battalion 67th Armor (Death Dealers)
3rd Battalion 67th Armor (Hounds of Hell)
588th Engineer Battalion
3rd Brigade (Iron Brigade)
1st Battalion 8th Infantry (Fighting Eagles)
1st Battalion 12th Infantry (Warriors)
1st Battalion 68th Armor (Silver Lions)
4th Engineer Battalion (Vanguard)
4th Aviation Brigade (Iron Eagles)
1st Battalion 4th Aviation
2nd Battalion 4th Aviation
1st Squadron 10th Cavalry
Division Artillery (Iron Gunners)
3rd Battalion 16th Field Artillery (Rolling Thunder)
2nd Battalion 20th Field Artillery (Deep Strike)
3rd Battalion 29th Field Artillery (Pacesetters)
Division Support Command (Wranglers)
4th Forward Support Battalion (Packhorse Support)
64th Forward Support Battalion (Mountaineers)
204th Forward Support Battalion (Rough Riders)
404th Aviation Support Battalion
704th Division Support Battalion
4th Military Police Company (Iron Guardians)
124th Signal Batallion (The Voice of the Ironhorse)
1st Batallion 44th Air Defense Artillery (Strike First)
104th Military Intelligence Battalion (Outriders)

Medal of Honor recipients

World War II

Vietnam War

External links

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