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Ugaritic alphabet

From Academic Kids

Template:SpecialCharsNote Template:Alphabet

The Ugaritic alphabet is a cuneiform version of the Levantine consonant alphabet (abjad), used from around 1300 BC for the Ugaritic language, an extinct Canaanite language discovered in Ugarit, Syria. It has 30 distinct letters. Other languages (particularly Hurrian) were occasionally written in it in the Ugarit area, although not elsewhere.

Clay tablets written in Ugaritic provide the earliest evidence of both the Levantine and South Semitic orders of the alphabet, that gave rise to the alphabetic orders of the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin alphabets on the one hand, and of the Ethiopic alphabet on the other.

Contents

Letters

𐎀 ʾa Alpa
𐎁 b Beta
𐎂 g Gamla
𐎃 Kha
𐎄 d Delta
𐎅 h Ho
𐎆 w Wo
𐎇 z Zeta
𐎈 Hota
𐎉 Tet
𐎊 y Yod
𐎋 k Kaf
𐎌 š Shin
𐎍 l Lamda
𐎎 m Mem
𐎟 Dhal
𐎐 n Nun
𐎑 Zu
𐎒 s Samka
𐎓 ʿ Ain
𐎔 p Pu
𐎕 Sade
𐎖 q Qopa
𐎗 r Rasha
𐎘 Thanna
𐎙 ġ Ghain
𐎚 t To
𐎛 ʾi I
𐎜 ʾu U
𐎝 s2 Su
𐎞 (unassigned)
𐎟 word divider

Abecedaries

Missing image
Ugaritic_Unicode.png
Ugaritic alphabet Unicode range

Ugaritic is found in two alphabetic orders, the Northern Semitic order found in the Hebrew, Greek, and Roman scripts, and the Southern Semitic order found in the Ethiopic scripts. The letters are given in transcription and in their Hebrew cognates; letters missing from Hebrew are left blank.

North Semitic (the abjad)

abgxdhwzħţyklmnscpşqrθγtiuś
אבג דהוזחטיכ למ נ סעפצקרש ת

South Semitic

hlħmqwrtsknxbśpcgdγţzyθş
הלחמקו רתסכנ ב פאע גד טז ישצ

Ugaritic in Unicode

In Unicode, the Ugaritic alphabet is assigned to U+10380 - U+1039F.

  0123456789ABCDEF
1038  𐎀 𐎁 𐎂 𐎃 𐎄 𐎅 𐎆 𐎇 𐎈 𐎉 𐎊 𐎋 𐎌 𐎍 𐎎 𐎟
1039  𐎐 𐎑 𐎒 𐎓 𐎔 𐎕 𐎖 𐎗 𐎘 𐎙 𐎚 𐎛 𐎜 𐎝   𐎟


External link

  • Ugaritic (http://ancientscripts.com/ugaritic.html) (ancientscripts.com)
  • Ugaritic Cuneiform (http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U10380.pdf) characters from the Unicode Ugaritic cuneiform script.
  • Ugaritic cuneiform (http://www.omniglot.com/writing/ugaritic.htm) Omniglot entry on the subject.

Special characters

Template:SpecialChars


de:Ugaritische Schrift fr:Alphabet ougaritique sl:Ugaritska abeceda zh:乌加里特语字母表

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