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United States National Security Advisor

From Academic Kids

The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. He or she serves on the National Security Council within the Executive Office of the President.

The National Security Advisor is appointed by the President without confirmation by the United States Senate. As such, he or she is not connected to the bureaucratic politics of the Departments of State and Defense, and is therefore able to offer independent advice. The power and role of the National Security Advisor varies from administration to administration.

In times of crisis, the National Security Advisor mans the White House Situation Room, updating the president on the latest on the crisis.

The previous National Security Advisor, Dr. Condoleezza Rice, was confirmed on January 26, 2005 by an 85-13 vote in the Senate to succeed Colin Powell as Secretary of State. She was succeeded as National Security Advisor by her deputy, Stephen Hadley.

The list of current and former National Security Advisors include:

Robert Cutler 1953-1955
Dillon Anderson 1955-1956
Robert Cutler 1957-1958
Gordon Gray 1958-1961
McGeorge Bundy 1961-1966
Walt Rostow 1966-1969
Dr. Henry Kissinger 1969-1975
Brent Scowcroft 1975-1977
Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski 1977-1981
Richard V. Allen 1981-1982
William B. Clark 1982-1983
Robert McFarlane 1983-1985
Admiral John Poindexter 1985-1986
Frank Carlucci 1986-1987
General Colin Powell 1987-1989
Brent Scowcroft 1989-1993
Dr. Anthony Lake 1993-1997
Sandy Berger 1997-2001
Dr. Condoleezza Rice 2001-2005
Stephen Hadley 2005-present

See also

id:Penasehat Keamanan Nasional AS ja:国家安全保障担当大統領補佐官

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