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University of Missouri - Columbia

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The University of Missouri-Columbia
Established 1839
School type Flagship Public University
Chancellor Dr. Brady J Deaton
Location Columbia, Missouri, USA
Campus 1,358 acres (5.5 km²) main campus, 18,021 acres (73 km²) total
Enrollment Total, 27,003,

20,883 undergraduate,
6,120, graduate and professional

Colors Black & Old Gold
Mascot Bengal Tiger
Homepage www.mizzou.edu

The University of Missouri-Columbia (abbreviated UMC and nicknamed Mizzou) is an institution of higher learning located in Columbia, Missouri, USA. Columbia is the largest campus, of equal standing, in the University of Missouri System with approximately 27,000 students and is often considered the flagship campus of the system. UMC is more often called MU and, rarely, Missouri University.

Contents

History

UMC was founded in 1839 as part of the Geyer Act to establish a state university, the first west of the Mississippi River. During the American Civil War, supporters of the Union wanted to move the campus to a "more loyal" area. Tensions forced the university to close its doors for parts of 1862.

The original tombstone of Thomas Jefferson resides on the MU campus. Jefferson's heirs gave it to the campus in July 1883 because it was the first state university in the Louisiana Purchase territory.

Women were first admitted to the university in 1867, but only to the teachers' school. They were granted full admission in 1871.

On January 9, 1892, the school's main academic building, simply called Academic Hall, burned to the ground, leaving little more than six stone columns standing. The columns, which still stand today, became a symbol of the campus and form the center of Francis Quadrangle, the oldest part of campus. Also in the quadrangle, and often referred to as its centerpiece, is Jesse Hall. Built in 1895, Jesse Hall was formerly known as New Academic Hall. Today, Jesse Hall is home to many administrative offices of the university and to Jesse Auditorium. The area of campus around the quadrangle, where the buildings are built of red brick, is known as "red campus." East of the quadrangle, many buildings were built in 1913 and 1914 of white limestone. This section is known as "white campus."

Historically, UMC was also known as Missouri State University. The name, abbreviated MSU, was often pronounced Mizzou, earning the university its nickname.

Academics

In 1908, the world's first school of journalism was founded at UMC. Today, UMC is known for its journalism and agriculture programs. The university's academic divisions include the College of Agriculture , Food and Natural Resources; College of Arts and Sciences, College of Business, College of Education, College of Engineering, College of Human Sciences, School of Health Professions, School of Medicine, School of Nursing, School of Law, School of Veterinary Medicine and the graduate school, which includes an institute of public affairs. UMC is unique among public universities of its size due to the fact that it houses a law school, medical school, veterinary medicine school and a graduate school. This university is considered a research extensive land grant institution. Students and faculty have been awarded for their outstanding research in the biosciences fields.

Athletics

The Missouri Tigers are members of the Big Twelve Conference and their colors are black and gold. Athletic divisions include men's and women's basketball, baseball, cross country, football, golf, equestrian, rowing, swimming, track, tennis and voleyball. The most winning football coach was Dan Devine and the most winning men's basketball coach was Norm Stewart, an MU alum. Currently, the head coach of the men's basketball team is Quin Snyder. Gary Pinkel is the head football coach.

Celebrity alumni

Mizzou has been home to such celebrities as:

The University of Missouri and civil rights

In the winter of 1935, four graduates of Lincoln University--a traditionally black school about 30 miles (50 km) away in Jefferson City, Missouri--were denied admission to UMC's graduate school. One of the students, Lloyd L. Gaines, brought his case to the United States Supreme Court. On December 12, 1938, in a landmark 6-2 decision, the court ordered the state of Missouri to admit Gaines to UMC's law school or provide a facility of equal stature. Gaines, however, disappeared in Chicago on March 19, 1939.

Although Gaines did not survive to benefit from the decision, the case led directly to the 1954 case of Brown v. Board of Education, which declared segregation in education unconstitutional. The UM Board of Curators renamed the school's Black Culture Center in Gaines' honor in 2001.

Undergraduate divisions were integrated by court order in 1950, when the university was compelled to admit African Americans to courses that were not offered at Lincoln University.

Points of interest

See also

External links

Template:Big Twelve Conference

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