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University of Wisconsin

From Academic Kids

For the University of Wisconsin system, see University of Wisconsin System.

University of Wisconsin–Madison
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The Seal of the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

School type Public (Assisted)
Founded 1848
Location Madison, Wisconsin
Campus size 933 acre (3.8 km²)
Enrollment 29,000 undergraduate, 13,000 graduate and post-graduate.
Faculty 2,100
Campus surroundings Urban
Sports teams Badgers
Mascot Bucky Badger


The University of Wisconsin was founded in 1848 and is the largest university in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The total Fall 2003 enrollment was 41,588 students, of whom 28,583 are undergraduates.

University of Wisconsin–Madison is the official name of the university, though it is routinely called UW, UW–Madison, or Wisconsin.

Contents

Campus

The university is located in Madison, just blocks from the state capitol, and is situated on an isthmus between two lakes, Lake Mendota and Lake Monona. The main campus comprises 933 acres (3.8 km²) of land, while the entire campus, including research stations, is over 10,600 acres (43 km²) in area. The main hub of campus life is the Memorial Union.

The campus has its own police force, food service, hospital, recreation facilities, power facilities, and an on-campus dairy.

Academics

The University of Wisconsin, the flagship campus of the University of Wisconsin System, is divided into twenty associated colleges and schools. In addition to traditional undergraduate and graduate divisions in engineering, education, agriculture, and letters and sciences, the university also maintains professional schools in law, medicine, veterinary medicine, and pharmacy.

Wisconsin has been one of the leading public universities in the United States since the beginning of the 20th century and ranks as one of the great research universities of the world. Among U.S. universities, the University of Wisconsin is frequently listed as one of the "public Ivies"—publicly-funded universities providing a quality of education comparable to the best private schools. In addition to being a highly-ranked school in education, geography, history, and sociology, the university was recently ranked the second-best college at which to get an education degree, and the overall seventh-best public school in the United States. In the Gourman report on undergraduate programs, the University of Wisconsin was ranked the third-best public university, right after the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. Additionally, it was ranked the eighth-best university in the United States for overall strength of the undergraduate programs.

Wisconsin is a founding member of the Association of American Universities.

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Bascom Hall, 1968, with crosses placed by students protesting the Vietnam war, and sign saying
"BASCOM MEMORIAL CEMETERY, CLASS OF 1968"

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Sign near Sterling Hall commemorating tragic events of 1970

History

The university had its official beginnings when Wisconsin was incorporated as a state in 1848. Article X, Section B of the state constitution provided for "the establishment of a state university, at or near the seat of state government..." On July 26 1848, Nelson Dewey, Wisconsin's first governor, signed the act that formally created the University of Wisconsin. The board of regents held their initial meeting in the library room of the capitol on October 7, and provided John W. Sterling a $500 per-annum salary to become the university's first professor (mathematics). The University's first class, with 17 students, met in a Madison school building on February 5, 1849.

Regents discussed the building of the university, and the original campus was selected. It was comprised of a 50 acre (200,000 m²) tract of land "bounded north by Fourth lake, east by a street to be opened at right angles with King [later State] street, south by Mineral Point Road [University avenue], and west by a carriage-way from said road to the lake." The initial building plans also called for a "main edifice fronting towards the Capitol, three stories high, surmounted by an observatory for astronomical observations." This building, University Hall, now Bascom Hall, was finally completed in 1859. North Hall, constructed in 1851, was actually the campus's first building. Finally, in 1854, Levi Booth and Charles T. Wakeley became the first graduates of the university. Academics continued to improve at Wisconsin, and in 1892 the university granted its first Ph.D. to future university president Charles R. Van Hise.

Other notable historical moments in Wisconsin's first century include:

  • On April 4, 1892, the campus's first student-run newspaper began publishing. Today, The Daily Cardinal is the oldest student-run campus newspaper.
  • 1898 saw UW music instructor Henry Dyke Sleeper write “Varsity,” the university’s traditional alma mater song.

In the years 1966 through 1970, the University of Wisconsin was shaken by a series of student protests, and by the use of force by authorities in response. The first major demonstrations protested the presence on campus of recruiters for the Dow Chemical Company, which supplied the napalm used in the Vietnam War. Another target of protest was the Army Mathematics Research Center (AMRC), clearly identified and centrally located on campus in the Sterling Hall physics building. Director J. Barkley Rosser, an eminent logician, publicly minimized any practical role and implied that AMRC pursued only pure mathematics. But the student newspaper, The Daily Cardinal, obtained quarterly reports that AMRC submitted to the Army. The Cardinal published a series of investigative articles making a convincing case that AMRC was pursuing research that was directly pursuant to specific US Department of Defense requests, and relevant to counterinsurgency operations in Vietnam. AMRC became a magnet for demonstrations, in which protesters chanted "U.S. out of Vietnam! Smash Army Math!"

On August 24, 1970, near 3:40am, a van filled with ammonium nitrate and fuel oil mixture was detonated next to Sterling Hall. Despite the late night detonation, the explosion killed a physics researcher named Robert Fassnacht. Ironically, the physics department was hit worse than the intended target, the AMRC. Those responsible for the Sterling Hall bombing were Karleton Armstrong, Dwight Armstrong, David Fine, and Leo Burt. Leo Burt has never been found.

The Badger Herald was founded in 1969, debuting as a conservative voice on campus. Born to cover and combat the turmoil of the Vietnam protests, the Herald maintains its maverick spirit, though it has shed the “conservative” reputation. The University of Wisconsin is to this day the only major American university with two daily student newspapers.

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Bucky Badger

Sports

The school's sports teams are called the Wisconsin Badgers. They participate in the NCAA's Division I-A and in the Big Ten Conference; its men's and women's hockey programs compete in the Western Collegiate Hockey Association.

Current university research

The University is considered a major hub of public embryonic stem cell research. This has brought significant moral questions to the University from various institutions, with restrictions from the Bush Administration's domestic policy on some research.

Notable people

Related topics

External links

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