Advertisement

Voivodships of Poland

From Academic Kids

A voivodship (in Polish województwo) has been a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland since the 14th century. As a result of Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998, 16 new voivodships were created (effective January 1 1999) and replaced the 49 voivodships which had existed since 1 July 1975.

Today's provinces are largely based on the country's historical regions, whereas those of 1975-1998 were centered on and named for individual cities. The new units range in area from under 10,000 km² (Opole Voivodship) to over 35,000 km² (Masovian Voivodship), and in population from one million (Lubusz Voivodship) to over five million (Masovian Voivodship).

Contents

1 External links

Poland's present voivodships (since 1999)

Missing image
Poland_administrative_division_1999_literki.png
Polish Voivodships since 1999

Polish voivodships since 1999
Abbreviation code car
plates
Voivodship Capital Area
km²
Population
(Dec. 31, 2003)
Population
(Jun. 30, 2004)
DS 02 D Lower Silesian Wrocław 19 947,76 2 898 313 2 895 729
KP 04 C Kuyavian-Pomeranian Bydgoszcz¹
Toruń²
17 969,72 2 068 142 2 067 548
LU 06 L Lublin Lublin 25 114,48 2 191 172 2 187 918
LB 08 F Lubusz Gorzów Wielkopolski¹
Zielona Góra²
13 984,44 1 008 786 1 009 177
LD 10 E Łódź Łódź 18 219,11 2 597 094 2 592 568
MP 12 K Lesser Poland Kraków 15 144,10 3 252 949 3 256 171
MA 14 W Masovian Warszawa 35 597,80 5 135 732 5 139 545
OP 16 O Opole Opole 9 412,47 1 055 667 1 053 723
PK 18 R Subcarpathian Rzeszów 17 926,28 2 097 248 2 097 325
PD 20 B Podlasie Białystok 20 179,58 1 205 117 1 204 036
PM 22 G Pomeranian Gdańsk 18 292,88 2 188 918 2 192 404
SL 24 S Silesian Katowice 12 294,04 4 714 982 4 707 825
SW 26 T Świętokrzyskie Kielce 11 672,34 1 291 598 1 290 176
WM 28 N Warmian-Masurian Olsztyn 24 202,95 1 428 885 1 428 385
WP 30 P Greater Poland Poznań 29 825,59 3 359 932 3 362 011
ZP 32 Z Western Pomeranian Szczecin 22 901,48 1 696 073 1 695 708
(¹) - seat of voivod, (²) - seat of self-government


Voivodships are combined into bigger regions, which are used for statistical reports.


 
Poland
Flag of Poland
Voivodships of Poland
Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Łódź | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania | Świętokrzyskie | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
Principal cities
Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław | Poznań | Gdańsk | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok | Częstochowa | Gdynia | Gorzów Wlkp. | Toruń | Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Olsztyn
See also:

Polish voivodships 1975-1998 (49)

since 1989 Third Polish Republic

Missing image
Poland_administrative_division_1975_literki.png
Polish voivodships after 1975

This reorganization of administrative division of Poland was mainly a result of local government reform acts of 1973-1975. In place of the three-level administrative division (voivodship, county, commune), a new two-level administrative division was introduced (49 small voivodships and communes). The three smallest voivodships -- Warsaw, Cracow and Lodz -- had the special status of municipal voivodship; the city president (mayor) was also provincial governor.

 

Polish voivodships and separate cities 1975-1998
Abbreviation Voivodship Capital Area
km² (1998)
Population
(1980)
No. of cities No. of communes
bp bialskopodlaskie Biała Podlaska 5348 286 400 6 35
bk białostockie Białystok 10 055 641 100 17 49
bb bielskie Bielsko-Biała 3 704 829 900 18 47
by bydgoskie Bydgoszcz 10 349 1 036 000 27 55
ch chełmskie Chełm 3 865 230 900 4 25
ci ciechanowskie Ciechanów 6 362 405 400 9 45
cz częstochowskie Częstochowa 6 182 747 900 17 49
el elbląskie Elbląg 6 103 441 500 15 37
gd gdańskie Gdańsk 7 394 1 333 800 19 43
go gorzowskie Gorzów Wielkopolski 8 484 455 400 21 38
jg jeleniogórskie Jelenia Góra 4 378 492 600 24 28
kl kaliskie Kalisz 6 512 668 000 20 53
ka katowickie Katowice 6 650 3 733 900 43 46
ki kieleckie Kielce 9 211 1 068 700 17 69
kn konińskie Konin 5 139 441 200 18 43
ko koszalińskie Koszalin 8 470 462 200 17 35
kr krakowskie Kraków 3 254 1 167 500 10 38
ks krośnieńskie Krosno 5 702 448 200 12 37
lg legnickie Legnica 4 037 458 900 11 31
le leszczyńskie Leszno 4 254 357 600 19 28
lu lubelskie Lublin 6 793 935 200 16 62
lo łomżyńskie Łomża 6 684 325 800 12 39
ld łódzkie Łódź 1523 1 127 800 8 11
ns nowosądeckie Nowy Sącz 5 576 628 800 14 41
ol olsztyńskie Olsztyn 12 327 681 400 21 48
op opolskie Opole 8 535 975 000 29 61
os ostrołęckie Ostrołęka 6 498 371 400 9 38
pi pilskie Piła 8 205 437 100 24 35
pt piotrkowskie Piotrków Trybunalski 6 266 604 200 10 51
pl płockie Płock 5 117 496 100 9 44
po poznańskie Poznań 8 151 1 237 800 33 57
pr przemyskie Przemyśl 4 437 380 000 9 35
rs radomskie Radom 7 295 702 300 15 61
rz rzeszowskie Rzeszów 4 397 648 900 13 41
se siedleckie Siedlce 8 499 616 300 12 66
si sieradzkie Sieradz 4 869 392 300 9 40
sk skierniewickie Skierniewice 3 959 396 900 8 36
sl słupskie Słupsk 7 453 369 800 11 31
su suwalskie Suwałki 10 490 422 600 14 42
sz szczecińskie Szczecin 9 981 897 900 29 50
tg tarnobrzeskie Tarnobrzeg 6 283 556 300 14 46
ta tarnowskie Tarnów 4 151 607 000 9 41
to toruńskie Toruń 5 348 610 800 13 41
wb wałbrzyskie Wałbrzych 4 168 716 100 31 30
wa warszawskie Warsaw 3 788 2 319 100 27 32
wl włocławskie Włocławek 4 402 413 400 14 30
wr wrocławskie Wrocław 6 287 1 076 200 16 33
za zamojskie Zamość 6 980 472 100 5 47
zg zielonogórskie Zielona Góra 8 868 609 200 26 50


Polish voivodships 1945-1975 (14+2/17+5)

People's Republic of Poland

Polish voivodships after 1945
Enlarge
Polish voivodships after 1945

After World War II the new administrative division was based on pre-war one. The areas in the East that were not annexed by the Soviet Union had their borders left almost unchanged. Newly acquired territories in the west and north were organised into the voivodships of Szczecin, Wrocław, Olsztyn and partially joined to Gdańsk, Katowice and Poznań voivodships. Two cities were granted voivodship status: Warsaw and Łódź.

Missing image
Poland_administrative_division_1957_literki.PNG
Polish voivodships after 1957

In 1950 new voivodships were created: Koszalin - previously part of Szczecin, Opole - previously part of Katowice, and Zielona Góra - previously part of Poznań, Wrocław and Szczecin voivodships. In addition, three other cities were granted the voivodship status: Wrocław, Kraków and Poznań.

 

Polish administrative division 1945-1975
Car plates
(since 1956)
Voivodship Capital Area
km² (1965)
Population
(1965)
A białostockie Białystok 23 136 1 160 400
B bydgoskie Bydgoszcz 20 794 1 837 100
G gdańskie Gdańsk 10 984 1 352 800
S katowickie Katowice 9 518 3 524 300
C kieleckie Kielce 19 498 1 899 100
E koszalińskie ¹ Koszalin 17 974 755 100
K krakowskie Kraków 15 350 2 127 600
F łódzkie Łódź 17 064 1 665 200
L lubelskie Lublin 24 829 1 900 500
O olsztyńskie Olsztyn 20 994 956 600
H opolskie ¹ Opole 9 506 1 009 200
P poznańskie Poznań 26 723 2 126 300
R rzeszowskie Rzeszów 18 658 1 692 800
M szczecińskie Szczecin 12 677 847 600
T warszawskie Warsaw 29 369 2 453 000
X wrocławskie Wrocław 18 827 1 967 000
Z zielonogórskie ¹ Zielona Góra 14 514 847 200
car plates
(since 1956)
Separate city Area
km² (1965)
Population
(1965)
I Łódź 214 744 100
W Warsaw 446 1 252 600
 ? Kraków ² 230 520 100
 ? Poznań ² 220 438 200
 ? Wrocław ² 225 474 200
¹ - new voivodships created in 1950; ² - cities separated in 1957


Polish voivodships 1921-1939 (16+1)

Second Polish Republic

Missing image
Poland_administrative_division_1922_literki.png
Polish voivodships 1922-1939

 

Polish voivodships in the interbellum
(data as per April 1, 1937)
car plates
(since 1937)
Voivodship
Separate city
Capital Area
in 1000 km² (1930)
Population
in 1000 (1931)
00-19 City of Warsaw Warsaw 0,14 1179,5
85-89 warszawskie Warsaw 31,7 2460,9
20-24 białostockie Białystok 26,0 1263,3
25-29 kieleckie Kielce 22,2 2671,0
30-34 krakowskie Kraków 17,6 2300,1
35-39 lubelskie Lublin 26,6 2116,2
40-44 lwowskie Lwów 28,4 3126,3
45-49 łódzkie Łódź 20,4 2650,1
50-54 nowogródzkie Nowogródek 23,0 1057,2
55-59 poleskie Brześć nad Bugiem 36,7 1132,2
60-64 pomorskie Toruń 25,7 1884,4
65-69 poznańskie Poznań 28,1 2339,6
70-74 stanisławowskie Stanisławów 16,9 1480,3
75-79 ? śląskie Katowice 5,1 1533,5
80-84 tarnopolskie Tarnopol 16,5 1600,4
90-94 wileńskie Wilno 29,0 1276,0
95-99 wołyńskie Łuck 35,7 2085,6


Polish voivodships 1569-1795

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Missing image
Rzeczpospolita_voivodships.png
Map showing the voivodships of the Republic of Both Nations

Province of Greater Poland

Province of Lesser Poland

Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Here the first name given is English, then in brackets - Lithuanian, and then Polish.

Duchy of Livonia

External links

de:Wojwodschaft es:Organización polķtico-administrativa de Polonia et:Vojevoodkond fr:Voļevodie nl:woiwodschap pl:Województwo

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools