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Worcester

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City of Worcester
Missing image
Worcester_-_Hereford_and_Worcester_dot.png
Worcester

Worcester
Shown within Worcestershire
Geography
Status:City (1189)
Region:West Midlands
Admin. County:Worcestershire
Area:
- Total
Ranked 333rd
33.28 km²
Admin. HQ:Worcester
ONS code:47UE
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2003 est.)
- Density
Ranked 238th
93,530
2,810 / km²
Ethnicity:96.5% White
2.0% S.Asian
Politics
Worcester City Council
http://www.cityofworcester.gov.uk/
Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
Executive:Labour
MP:Michael Foster
2005 election results
Michael Foster, Labour19,421 (41.9%, down 6.7%)
Margaret Harper, Conservative16,277 (35.1%, down 0.4%)
Mary Dhonau, Liberal Democrats7,557 (16.3%, up 3.7%)
Richard Chamings, UK Independence Party1,113 (2.4%, down 0.9%)
Martin Roberts, British National Party980 (2.1%, up 2.1%)
Chris Lennard, Green921 (2.0%, up 2.0%)
Prudence Dowson, Independent119 (0.3%)

The city of Worcester (pronounced ) is the county town of Worcestershire in England; the river Severn runs through the middle, with the city's large Worcester Cathedral overlooking the river.

Contents

History

The site of Worcester was first used by the Roman Empire in the 1st century, linking Gloucester to Wroxeter. In AD 407 the village was thought to have been abandoned, only to be resurrected as a settlement in the mid 7th century by the Saxons, giving it the name of "Weogoran cester".

The town was almost destroyed in 1041 after a rebellion against the punitive taxation of Harthacanute.

Worcester was the site of the Battle of Worcester (September 3, 1651), in which Charles II's attempt to retake the country from Cromwell and the Parliamentarians was decisively defeated, in the fields a little to the west and south of the city, near the village of Powick. After being defeated, Charles returned to his headquarters in what is now known as King Charles house in the Cornmarket, before fleeing in disguise to Boscobel House in Shropshire and his eventual escape to France.
Worcester was one of the cities loyal to the King in that war, for which it was given the epithet "The Faithful City".

Industry and commerce

Industry is now quite varied; in the 19th and early twentieth century, Worcester was a major centre for glove manufacture, but this has declined greatly. Still located in the city are the Worcester porcelain factory (near the cathedral), and, somewhat out of the centre, the factory that makes Worcester's most famous product, Worcestershire sauce. Worcester is the home of what is claimed to be the oldest daily newspaper in the world, Berrow's Worcester Journal, which traces its descent from a newsheet that started publication in 1690.

Public schools

Worcester is also the seat of the famous public schools the Royal Grammar School Worcester founded ante 1291, and the Worcester Cathedral School which was founded in 1541 under King Henry VIII as The King's School, Worcester.

Famous citizens

Missing image
Worcester_in_1806._Engraving_by_J.Roper_from_a_drawing_by_G.Cole.jpg
A map of Worcester in 1806.

Probably Worcester's most famous citizen was composer Sir Edward Elgar, whose father ran a music shop at the end of the High Street; a statue of Elgar stands near the original location of that shop. His birthplace is a short way outside of Worcester in the village of Broadheath.

Sir Charles Hastings, founder of the British Medical Association lived in Worcester for most of his life - the newly built Worcestershire Royal Hospital stands in a road named in his honour.

Poet and author Reverend Geoffrey Anketell Studdert Kennedy, famously known as Woodbine Willy, was for some time the Vicar of St. Pauls Church in the City. He rose to fame during World War I when he became an army chaplain, his sermons and poetry helping boost morale to the troops. He acquired his nickname from his habit of handing out of "Woodbine" Cigarettes to the men in the trenches.

Civil engineer Edward Leader Williams, designer of the Manchester Ship Canal, was born and raised in Worcester, residing at Diglis House (now the Diglis Hotel) with his brother, noted landscape artist Benjamin Williams Leader.

Culture and Arts

Festivals and Shows

Every three years, Worcester becomes home to the Three Choirs Festival, which dates back to the 18th Century and is credited with being the oldest music festival in Europe. The location of the festival rotates each year between the Cathedral Cities of Gloucester, Hereford and Worcester. Famous for its championing of English music, especially that of Elgar, Vaughan Williams and Gustav Holst, Worcester is next scheduled to host the festival in August 2005.

The Worcester Festival is a relatively new venture established in 2003. Held in late August, the festival consists of a variety of music, theatre, cinema and workshops, as well as the already established Beer Festival, which now runs under the Worcester Festival moniker.

The Christmas Fayre is a major source of tourism every December.

Miscellaneous

Home of the Worcestershire County Cricket Club.

Home of Conference North side Worcester City FC (link to official site below) who play at St George's Lane (soccer).

Home to Worcester Warriors Rugby Football Club (WRFC), a Premier League rugby union team.

The Member of parliament for the constituency of Worcester is Michael Foster.

External links


Districts of England - West Midlands Flag of England

Birmingham | Bridgnorth | Bromsgrove | Cannock Chase | Coventry | Dudley | East Staffordshire | Herefordshire | Lichfield | Malvern Hills | Newcastle-under-Lyme | North Shropshire | North Warwickshire | Nuneaton and Bedworth | Oswestry | Redditch | Rugby | Sandwell | Shrewsbury and Atcham | Solihull | South Shropshire | South Staffordshire | Stafford | Staffordshire Moorlands | Stoke-on-Trent | Stratford-on-Avon | Tamworth | Telford and Wrekin | Walsall | Warwick | Wolverhampton | Worcester | Wychavon | Wyre Forest

Administrative Counties with multiple districts: Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands, Worcestershire

Template:River Severn towns Template:Severn from Bewdley to Gloucesterde:Worcester fr:Worcester

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