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Yuri Lotman

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Yuri Lotman

Yuri Lotman (also Juri, Jri, Jurij) (28 February 1922 - 1993) was an important semiotician, culturologist, and philologist in Russian literature. The number of his printed works exceeds 800 titles.

Born in Leningrad (USSR/ Russia, now - Petersburg) to the Jewish family of Mikhail and Aleksandra Lotman, he studied philology in the Leningrad State University. During World War II he served in the artillery and after the war he came back to his studies in the university.

In 1950 Lotman went to Estonia and from 1954 began his work at Tartu University. In Tartu he set up his own school known as the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School. Among other members of this school there are names of Uspensky, Ivanov, Toporov, Gasparov, Pyatigorsky, Revzin, Lesskis, etc. This school is widely known for its journal Sign Systems Studies published formerly in Russian as Trudy po znakovym systemam - currently the oldest semiotics journal worldwide (established in 1964). Lotman studied the theory of culture, Russian literature, history, semiotics and semiology (general theories of signs and sign systems), semiotics of cinema, arts, literature, robotics, etc. In these fields, Lotman has been one of the most widely cited authors.

Lotman coined the term semiosphere.

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Template:Russia-bio-stubde:Juri Michailowitsch Lotman ru:Лотман, Юрий Михайлович

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