Regional Bell operating company

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(Redirected from Baby Bell)

The Regional Bell operating companies (RBOC) are the result of the U.S. Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T. On January 8, 1982, AT&T settled the suit and agreed to divest ("spin off") its local exchange service operating companies in return for a chance to go into the Internet services industry. Effective January 1, 1984, AT&T's local operations were split into seven independent Regional Bell Operating Companies known as "Baby Bells."

After the Modification of Final Judgment, the resulting Baby Bells were originally:

Additionally, there was one comparably-sized independent (non-Bell) company of note, GTE, and two smaller independent companies, Cincinnati Bell and Southern New England Telephone (SNET). SNET has since been acquired by SBC Communications.

These companies have since merged, leaving only 4 regional telephone companies in the United States. After the 1984 breakup, part of AT&T's Bell Labs was split off into Bellcore, which would serve as an R&D and standards body for the seven Baby Bells.

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