Bats language

From Academic Kids

Bats (batsba motjiti)
Spoken in: Georgia
Region: Zemo-Alvani
Total speakers: 2500-3000 (1975 SIL)
Ranking: Not in top 100. See [1] (http://www.davidpbrown.co.uk/help/top-100-languages-by-population.html).
Genetic
classification:
Caucasian languages

 North Caucasian languages
  Nakh
    batsba motjiti

Official status
Official language of: -
Regulated by: -
Language codes
ISO 639-1-
ISO 639-2cau
SILBBL

Bats, or Batsi, Batsbi, Batsb, Batsaw, is the language of the Bats people, a Caucasian minority group, and is part of the Nakh family of Caucasian languages. It had 2,500 to 3,000 speakers in 1975.

There is only one dialect. It exists only as a spoken language, as the Bats people use Georgian as their written language. The language is not mutually intelligible with either Chechen or Ingush, the other two members of the Nakh family.


Contents

History

Until the middle of the 19th century, the Bats lived in Tushetia, the mountain region of Northwest Georgia. The Tsova Gorge in Tushetia was inhabited by four Bats communities: the Sagirta, Otelta, Mozarta and Indurta. Later they settled on the Kakhetia Plain, in the village of Zemo-Alvani, where they still live. Administratively they are part of the Akhmeta district of Georgia. There are some families of Bats in Tbilisi and other bigger towns in Georgia.


Classification

Bats belongs to the Nakh family of Caucasian languages.

Geographic distribution

Most speakers of Bats live in the village of Zemo-Alvani, on the Kakhetia Plain, in the Akhmeta district of Georgia. There are some families of Bats in Tbilisi and other bigger towns in Georgia.


Sounds

Vowels

See http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/didact/caucasus/kaukvok.htm#Bats

Consonants

See http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/didact/caucasus/nekklaut.htm#batsbi


Grammar

Bats has eight noun classes, the highest number among the Caucasian languages. Bats also is unique among the world's languages in that it has explicit inflections for agentivity of a verb; it makes a distinction between I fell down (sc. through no fault of my own) and I fell down (sc. and it was my own fault).


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