Cairo Conference

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(Redirected from Cairo Declaration)
Alternative meanings: Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (1994), Cairo Anti-War Conference (2002, 2003, 2005)
Chiang, Roosevelt, and Churchill in Cairo, 11/25/1943
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Chiang, Roosevelt, and Churchill in Cairo, 11/25/1943
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Cairo_declaration.jpg
Photocopy of the Cairo Declaration, an unsigned press release

The Cairo Conference of November 22-26, 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, addressed the Allied position against Japan during World War II and made decisions about postwar Asia. The meeting was attended by President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China.

The results were published as the Cairo Declaration, an unsigned press release discussing the Allies' intentions to divide up the Japanese Empire following Japan's surrender. The document vowed to return all territory seized by Japan since World War I and included Taiwan and the Okinawa, as well as Japanese possessions to be returned to China. It also called for Korea to become an independent state.

The three main clauses of the Cairo Declaration are that "Japan be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the First World War in 1914", "all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and the Poseudores, shall be restored to the Republic of China", and that "in due course Korea shall become free and independent".

Roosevelt and Churchill proceeded immediately to the Tehran Conference with Josef Stalin.

However, in 1955 after the World War II, being asked the question whether Formosa should be handed to the Communist China according to the Cairo Declaration, Churchill told the House of Commons, "The Cairo Declaration contained merely a statement of common purpose." And since it was made "A lot of things have happened" he added. His Foreign Secretary, Anthony Eden, also said that the Declaration was merely a statement of intention that Formosa should be retroceded to China after the war, that never materialized.

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