Durango

From Academic Kids

Durango is the name of both a state of Mexico and that state's capital city. This article is about the state. For the city, see Durango, Durango. For other uses, see Durango (disambiguation).
ESTADO DE DURANGO
Missing image
EscudoDurango.jpg


Image:Durango in Mexiko.png
Other Mexican States
CapitalDurango, Dgo.
Other major citiesGómez Palacio
Lerdo
list of municipalities
Area123,181 km²
Ranked 4th
Population
(2000 census)
1,445,900
Ranked 23rd
Governor
(2004-2010)
Ismael Hernández Deras (PRI)
Federal Deputies (5)
PRI = 5
Federal SenatorsPRI = 2
PAN = 1
ISO 3166-2
Postal abbr.
MX-DUR
Dgo.

Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. Its estimated population in 2003 was about 1,450,000 people. The city of Durango is the capital. The Sierra Madre Occidental is a mountain range located in the western portion of the state. This mountain range contains a plentiful supply of mineral deposits, including the silver that encouraged Spanish occupation of the teritory after it was discovered. These mines extend north into Chihuahua and south into the state of Zacatecas.

Culturally, Durango is famous for a type of musical style known as música duranguense (see Music of Mexico).

The major occupations in Durango are farming, lumbering and ranching. Vast desert basins in the Laguna District are irrigated by the Río Nazas. Major crops grown in the area include cotton, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, corn, and other vegetables.

Francisco de Ibarra, the first to colonize Durango, settled this part of the vast northern province of Nuevo Vizcaya in 1563, when he founded the capital city and named it Durango for his native town in Vizcaya, Spain; the foundation was just one in his larger program of initiating settlements through the province. This was a late colonization for the Spanish, mostly due to heavy resistance to Spanish occupation by the indigenous population living there, from first contact to modern times, in attempts to gain some autonomy, address grievances, or maintain traditional land ownership. Spanish colonists became highly attracted to the Durango area for its mining and grazing capabilities. In 1823, shortly after the Mexican revolutionary victory over Spain, Durango earned the right to be a separate state.

Municipalities

Durango is divided into 39 municipalities (municipios). See municipalities of Durango.

External links


da:Durango (stat)

de:Durango (Bundesstaat) es:Estado de Durango fr:Durango it:Durango (stato) nl:Durango (staat) pt:Durango (Estado)

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