Empress Meisho of Japan

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Empress Meishō (明正天皇) (January 9, 1624 - December 4, 1696) was the 109th imperial ruler of Japan, reigning from December 22, 1629 to November 14, 1643. Her personal name was Okiko (興子) and her title before ascending to the Chrysanthemum Throne was Onna Kazu no miya (女一宮).

Contents

Genealogy

She was the 2nd daughter of Emperor Go-Mizunoo. Her mother was Tokugawa Kazuko, daughter of the 2nd shōgun, Tokugawa Hidetada. She had no children of her own.

Name

Her name was derived by combining the names of two previous empresses, Gemmei (707-715) and her daughter Genshō (715-724).

Life

In 1629, she became Empress after her father, Emperor Go-Mizunoo suddenly abdicated in the Purple Clothes Incident. By her enthronement, she became the first woman to occupy the throne since Empress Shōtoku, who died in 769. During her reign, her father Emperor Go-Mizunoo ruled in her name. In 1643, she abdicated in favor of her younger half-brother, who became Emperor Go-Kōmyō.

Eras of her reign


Preceded by:
Go-Mizunoo
Empress of Japan
1629-1643
Succeeded by:
Go-Kōmyō

Template:End boxde:Meisho ja:明正天皇 zh:明正天皇

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