Frame problem

From Academic Kids

ja:フレーム問題

In artificial intelligence, the frame problem has a number of possible formulations. One of the most common is that it is the question of how to determine efficiently which things remain the same in a changing world. John McCarthy and Patrick J. Hayes introduced the term "frame problem" in their 1969 essay, Some Philosophical Problems from the Standpoint of Artificial Intelligence.

The name 'frame problem' was coined for this phenomenon because of a common technique used by cartoon makers called framing where the currently moving parts of the cartoon are superimposed on the "frame" or the surroundings which do not change. Taken in an AI context, actions change the truth values of some facts but almost everything else remains unchanged.

From its origins as a special problem in AI, it now has a broader meaning in philosophy and knowledge representation.

According to J. van Brakel, some other problems that are related to, or more specific versions of, the frame problem include the following:

Suggested solutions to the frame problem include satisficing, heuristics, and rational ignorance.

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