Francis Bacon (painter)

From Academic Kids

Francis Bacon (October 28, 1909 - April 28, 1992) was an Anglo-Irish expressionist artist and painter.


Early life and works

Bacon was born in Dublin, Ireland to English parents. The family moved back and forth between Dublin and London several times while he was growing up. He was a sickly child, and his father attempted to "toughen him up" by having his son horsewhipped. He was expelled from his family in 1925 when his homosexuality was discovered.

Bacon then spent a few months in Berlin, then a year and a half in Paris, before returning to London and starting out as an interior designer. Bacon never attended art school, he began work in watercolor about 192627. He began to use oils in the fall of 1929. An exhibition of works by Pablo Picasso inspired him to make his first drawings and paintings. The influence of the biomorphic figures in Picasso's works is apparent in Bacon's first major painting of his mature period, Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion (1944). This painting is also representative of some of Bacon's methods and subjects: the triptych, the scream, and the lone figure against a stark backgroud.

Bacon painted relatively little after his solo show in 1934 until the late 1940's. Bacon was disdainful of his work from before 1944 and destroyed the majority of it. He also destroyed an unknown number of works throughout his lifetime, and fragments of canvases were found in his studio after his death.


Missing image
Figure With Meat (1954)

Bacon was largely self-taught as an artist. His influences included:

Bacons work also reflected the influence of the Surrealist movement from the mid-1940s to the 1950s. He once said that his most important surrealist influence was not a fellow painter but rather the films of Luis Buuel. Bacon also admired the films of the Russian film maker Sergei Eisenstein, especially the famous scene on the Odessa Steps from Battleship Potemkin (1925). Bacon also drew inspiration from photographs (especially those of Eadweard Muybridge), the poems of T. S. Eliot, the plays of Aeschylus, and the chaos of his famous studio. About the studio, Bacon remarked: "for me, chaos breeds images."

Later life

Bacon was an eccentric individual. In 1964, he began a friendship with Eastender George Dyer, who he met (he claimed) while the latter was burgling his apartment. Their relationship was stormy and in 1971, on the eve of Bacon's major retrospective at the Grand Palais, Paris, Dyer committed suicide. In 1974, Bacon met John Edwards, a young, handsome East-Ender with whom he formed an enduring, paternal relationship. Bacon died April 28, 1992, in Madrid, and bequeathed his entire estate (valued at 11 million) to Edwards after his death. Edwards, in turn, donated the contents of Francis Bacon's chaotic studio at 7 Recce Mews, South Kensington, to the Hugh Lane gallery in Dublin. Bacon's studio contents were moved and the studio carefully reconstructed in the gallery.

He was portrayed by Derek Jacobi in the film Love is the Devil (1998), with Daniel Craig as his lover George Dyer.

External links

See also

eo:Francis BACON (pentristo) fr:Francis Bacon (peintre) pl:Francis Bacon (malarz) pt:Francis Bacon (artista) nl:Francis Bacon (schilder) ru:Бэкон, Фрэнсис (Художник) fi:Francis Bacon (maalari) tr:Francis Bacon


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