German National People's Party

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of Germany The German National People's Party (German: Deutschnationale Volkspartei) (DNVP) was a right wing national-conservative party in Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic.

Generally hostile towards the Weimar constitution, the DNVP spent most of the inter-war period in opposition despite holding around 50 seats in the Reichstag. Largely supported by landowners and wealthy industrialists it favoured a monarchist platform and was strongly opposed to the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.

Between 1925 and 1928 the party mellowed its approach and actively cooperated in successive governments and coaltions. When Alfred Hugenberg became chairman in 1928, the DNVP returned a course of fundamental opposition against the Republic, but toned down or abandoned its previous monarchism in favour of extreme nationalism and co-operation with the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). In 1929 this resulted in the former chairman Kuno Count Westarp and other members leaving the party and forming the more centrist Konservative Volkspartei (Conservative People's Party).

In 1931, the DNVP, the NSDAP and the Stahlhelm paramilitary organisation briefly formed an alliance known as the Harzburger Front. This served only to strengthen the NSDAP by giving it access to funding and political respectability while obscuring the DNVP's own less extreme platform.

The following year, the DNVP became the only significant party to support Franz von Papen in his short lived tenure as Chancellor. Performing badly in subsequent elections, the party ended up as junior coalition partners to the NSDAP on Adolf Hitler's appointment as Chancellor in 1933, supporting the Enabling Act that effectively abolished the Weimar Republic.

Hitler's patience with his conservative allies was limited, and the DNVP representatives in his first Cabinet were quickly excluded from power or (as Hugenberg) bullied into resignation. Shortly thereafter, DNVP members were coerced into joining the NSDAP or retiring from political life altogether. The party dissolved itself and shortly after this the founding of political parties was outlawed in 1933.

Although the DNVP escaped condemnation as a criminal organisation after World War II, no serious attempt was made to recreate it as a political force in post-war Germany. It was briefly revived in 1962, but the new DVNP soon afterwards was merged into the National Democratic Party of Germanyde:Deutschnationale Volkspartei es:Partido Nacional del Pueblo de Alemania (DNVP)


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