Maputo

From Academic Kids

Map of Mozambique with the province highlighted

Maputo is the capital of Mozambique. A port on the Indian Ocean, its economy is centered around the harbour. It has an official population of approximately 966,837 (1997), but the actual population is estimated to be much higher due to slums and other unofficial settlements. Coal, cotton, sugar, chrome, sisal, copra, and hardwood are the chief exports. The city manufactures cement, pottery, furniture, shoes, and rubber. There is also a large aluminum smelting plant, Mozal. The city is surrounded by Maputo Province, but is administered as its own province. Maputo is located at 25°54'55" South, 32°34'35" East (-25.915278, 32.576389). [1] (http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/cntry_files.html)

Maputo is located on the west side of Maputo Bay, at the mouth of the Tembe River. The bay is 95 km (50 mi) long and 30 km (20 mi) wide. The Maputo River empties into the southern end of the bay.

Founded in the late 18th century, the city was named Loureno Marques for Loureno Marques, the Portuguese trader who first explored the area in 1544. In 1895, construction of a railroad to Pretoria, South Africa caused the city's population to grow. In 1898, Loureno Marques became the capital of Mozambique. After independence, the city's name was changed to Maputo.

Maputo holds the Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Mozambique's first university. The city also has a museum of Mozambique history, a military museum, and the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Fatima.

Maputo is a planned city with square blocks and wide avenues. The Portuguese left in massive numbers after independence, and the resultant lack of skills and capital, in the context of a fierce civil war and government mismanagement, contributed to its state of dereliction in the years following the declaration of peace. Recovery was slow at first, but has been gaining momentum. However, in many cases new buildings are being erected for the rising middle class, rather than existing buildings being renovated, and many city services are still precarious. The Maputo beach has been ruined by waste dumped into the sea, and not many people want to spend time on it. Hopefully some time in the future, proper water treatment plants can be established so that the beach may recoved into what it previously was.da:Maputo de:Maputo es:Maputo eo:Maputo fr:Maputo io:Maputo he:מפוטו nl:Maputo ja:マプート市 pl:Maputo (miasto) pt:Maputo fi:Maputo sv:Maputo

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