Mesoamerican languages

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The Mesoamerican languages are the Native American languages of Mesoamerica.

Contents

Areal

*Estimated split date by glottochronology
**Some scholars continue to classify Aztecan and Sonoran together under a separate group (called variously "Sonoran", "Mexican", or "S Uto-Aztecan"). There is increasing evidence that whatever degree of additional resemblance that might be present between Aztecan and Sonoran when compared with Soshonean is probably due to proximity contact, rather than to a common immediate parent stock other than Uto-Aztecan.

Tonal

Non-Tonal

    • SE Mayan (Quiché-Mame)
      • Mamean
      • Quichean
        • Cakchiquel-Quichean  •  C Guatemala
          • Quiche  • 680,000
          • Cakchiquel  • 430,000
          • Tzutujil  • 50,000
          • Sacapultec  • 3,000
          • Sipacapan  • 3,000
        • Kekchi • C & E Guatemala  • 375,000
        • Pocom • C & E Guatemala
          • Pocomchi  • 75,000
          • Pocomam  • 30,000
        • Uspantec • NW Guatemala  • 15,000

Isolates

  • Seri •  Sonora coast  •  EXTINCT?
  • Purépecha (Tarascan) • SW Michoacán  • 75,000
  • Chinantec • N Oaxaca  • 80,000
  • Tequistlatec • SE Oaxaca  • 10,000
  • Huave • SE Oaxaca  • 25,000
  • Xicaque • NW Honduras  •  EXTINCT?
  • Chiapaneco-Manguean
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