Occident (far-right group)

From Academic Kids

fr:Occident (mouvement politique)

Missing image
Celtic-cross.png
Occident, like many similar groups, used the celtic cross as its emblem.

Occident (1964-1968) was a French far-right violent political group, often described as fascist-leaning. A number of members of Occident later were prominent members of mainstream right-wing parties, and even obtained ministerial positions.

Founded by Pierre Sidos in 1964, it mostly recruited university students. Occident was intensely anti-communist, but also denounced the administration of president Charles de Gaulle, making common cause with the pied-noirs (ethnic French from Algeria) who accused de Gaulle of having sold them out.

Following violent confrontations during the period of turmoil of May 1968, Occident was termed an illegal violent group and dissolved by the administration. Many of its former members joined newer far-right groups such as the Groupe Union Droit.

Occident and the groups that succeeded it have a Celtic cross for emblem.

Occident was a rather violent group. As an example, the following incident was recalled in a recent book (Charpier): On January 12, 1967, a group of Occident members attacked the Vietnam commitees on the campus of the university of Rouen; about 20 members of Occident were arrested, including Gérard Longuet, Alain Madelin and Patrick Devedjian (all future right-wing ministers). This case fed the natural tendency of paranoia of the group, with suspicions that someone had tipped off the police. Patrick Devedjian, summoned for an alleged meeting, was brutally interrogated by fellow members, including using a bathtub. Devedjian escaped in the nude.

Former members include:

Its slogans included:

  • Mort aux Bolches !
    Death to the Bolshes (slang for bolsheviks)
  • Écrasons les valets du Viêt-Cong !
    Let us stomp the Viet Cong's valets!
  • Gauchistes, ne vous cassez pas la tête, Occident le fera pour vous.
    Leftists, don't break your head [worry], Occident will do it for you.
  • Sortez les manches !
    Get the handles out !
  • Sous-développés = Sous-capables
    Under-developed = Under-capable

See also

References

  • Frédéric Charpier, Génération Occident, éd. du Seuil.

External links

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