Pierre Pettigrew

From Academic Kids

Pierre Stewart Pettigrew (born in Quebec City on April 18, 1951) is a Canadian politician. He is currently serving in the Liberal cabinet of Paul Martin as Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs, after having been re-elected as the Member of Parliament for the Montreal-area electoral district of Papineau.

Pettigrew has a BA in Philosophy from the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (1972) and an MPhil in International Relations from Oxford University (1976).

Following the 1995 Quebec referendum Prime Minister Jean Chrétien was committed to bringing in more star candidates from Quebec to his cabinet. He thus appointed Pettigrew and Stéphane Dion to cabinet, even before they were in the house.

André Ouellet was made head of Canada Post, opening the riding of Papineau—Saint-Michel. Pettigrew was elected to Parliament in a March 25, 1996 by-election. He was re-elected in 1997 and 2000, representing the new riding of Papineau—Saint-Denis. In 1996 he became Minister for International Cooperation and Minister responsible for La Francophonie.

As Minister for International Trade, he was a tireless promoter of free trade and always characterized NAFTA as "a tremendous success" and a model to expand upon. He was a key participant in the World Trade Organization (WTO) trade talks, claiming that Canada's main goal of lowering agricultural subsidies would be of great benefit to the world's poorer nations. At the 2003 WTO Ministerial Conference in Cancún, Pettigrew played an aggressive role as chair of the working group on the Singapore Issues, controversial sectors of proposed liberalization which were bitterly opposed by developing nation delegates, not to mention masses of protesters outside of the gates where the meetings were held. He also championed the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), and in the period leading up to the Summit of the Americas in Quebec City in 2001, he spearheaded a campaign to allay growing public suspicion of the deal by promising the eventual release of the draft negotiating texts. Throughout his mandate at International Trade, he was heavily embroiled in the US - Canada softwood lumber dispute.

On December 12, 2003, he was appointed Minister of Health and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs by newly-appointed Prime Minister Paul Martin. On July 20, 2004, he moved to his long-desired portfolio of Foreign Affairs minister, displacing Bill Graham.

On April 26, 2005, the Montreal newspaper Le Devoir reported that Pettigrew would leave Canadian politics to serve as the Secretary General of the Organization of American States. [1] (http://www.cbc.ca/story/canada/national/2005/04/26/pettigrew-oas050426.html) The newspaper suggested that Pettigrew had sufficient support among OAS members to win the job, although officially Canada supported the election of Luis Ernesto Derbez of Mexico. See OAS Secretary General election, 2005.

Pettigrew has long been rumoured to be a possible leadership candidate for the Liberal Party of Canada or as a leader of the more Quebec-nationalist Parti liberal du Quebec.

In 1999, Pettigrew wrote Pour une politique de la confiance, its English translation The New Politics of Confidence. It reviewed poorly, but does contain insights into Pettigrew's belief that the Canadian federal model benefits Quebec and is an example for the world.

Pettigrew is perhaps best known among the general public for his attention to his appearance: he is always immaculately dressed and every year is judged to have the best hair among male MPs. He also had plastic surgery on his nose during the 1990s, which reduced its size.

On June 17, 2005 an incident occured at a conference in Montreal regarding the subject of Haiti, at one point during the conference, Pettigrew was attacked with a red substance by a protestor.

In an odd coincidence, his name is similar to that of Peter Pettigrew, a character in the Harry Potter series of novels.

27th Ministry - Government of Paul Martin
Cabinet Posts (3)
Preceded by:
Bill Graham
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Anne McLellan
Minister of Health
Succeeded by:
Ujjal Dosanjh
Preceded by:
Stéphane Dion
Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs
Succeeded by:
Lucienne Robillard
Special Cabinet Responsibilities
Preceded by:
Minister responsible for Official Languages
Succeeded by:
Mauril Bélanger
26th Ministry - Government of Jean Chrétien
Cabinet Posts (3)
Preceded by:
Sergio Marchi
Minister for International Trade
Succeeded by:
Jim Peterson
Preceded by:
Doug Young
Minister of Human Resources Development
Succeeded by:
Jane Stewart
Preceded by:
Position created
Minister for International Cooperation
Succeeded by:
Don Boudria
Special Cabinet Responsibilities
Preceded by:
Position created
Minister responsible for La Francophonie
Succeeded by:
Don Boudria

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