Prime Minister of Prussia

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This article is part of the series
Politics of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
Prime Minister of Prussia
German General Staff
Prussian Minister of War
Foreign Minister of Prussia


The Prime Minister (Ministerpräsident) of Prussia existed in one form or another from 1792 until the dissolution of Prussia in 1947. When Prussia was an independent kingdom (until 1871) the Prime Minister functioned as the King's Chief Minister and presided over the Prussian Landtag (parliament). After the unification of Germany in 1871 until the collapse in 1918 the office of the Prussian Prime Minister was usually held jointly by the Imperial Chancellor. Under the Weimar Republic the Prime Minister was head of the state government (a more traditional parliamentary role). The office ceased to have any real meaning after the Nazi takeover in 1933, and disappeared along with Prussia herself after World War II.

Chief Minister of Prussia, 1792 - 1848
Chief Minister Years
Count Christian Heinrich Kurt von Haugwitz 1792 - April 1804
Count Karl August von Hardenberg April 1804 - February 1806
Count Christian Heinrich Kurt von Haugwitz February - November 1806
Karl Friedrich von Beyme November 1806 - 26 April 1807
Count Karl August von Hardenberg 26 April - 14 July 1807
Baron Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom Stein 3 October 1807 - 24 November 1808
Count Karl Friedrich Ferdinand Alexander von Dohna-Schlobitten 24 November 1808 - 4 June 1810
Prince Karl August von Hardenberg 4 June 1810 - June 1822
Otto Karl Friedrich von Voss June 1822 - 30 June 1823
Count Karl Friedrich Heinrich von Wylich und Lottum 30 June 1823 - 14 February 1841
Ludwig Gustav von Thile 9 March 1841 - 19 March 1848
Minister-President of Prussia, 1848 - 1918
Prime Minister Years
Count Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg 19 March - 29 March 1848
Gottfried Ludolf Camphausen 29 March - 25 June 1848
Rudolf Ludwig Cäsar von Auerswald 25 June - 21 September 1848
Ernst von Pfuel 21 September - 1 November 1848
Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg 2 November 1848 - 6 November 1850
Baron Otto Theodor von Manteuffel 19 December 1850 - 6 November 1858
Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen 6 November 1858 - 12 March 1862
Prince Adolf of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen 12 March - 23 September 1862
Otto von Bismarck 23 September 1862 - 1 January 1873
Count Albrecht von Roon 1 January - 9 November 1873
Prince Otto von Bismarck 9 November 1873 - 20 March 1890
Leo von Caprivi 20 March 1890 - 23 March 1892
Count Botho zu Eulenburg 23 March 1892 - 29 October 1894
Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst 29 October 1894 - 17 October 1900
Count Bernhard von Bülow 17 October 1900 - 14 July 1909
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg 14 July 1909 - 16 July 1917
Georg Michaelis 16 July - 2 December 1917
Count Georg von Hertling 2 December 1917 - 3 October 1918
Prince Maximilian of Baden 3 October - 9 November 1918
Minister-President of Prussia, 1918 - 1945
Prime Minister Years Party
Friedrich Ebert 9 - 11 November 1918 SPD
Paul Hirsch 11 November 1918 - 27 March 1920 SPD
Otto Braun 27 March 1920 - 21 April 1921 SPD
Adam Stegerwald 21 April - 5 November 1921 Zentrum
Otto Braun 5 November 1921 - 18 February 1925 SPD
Wilhelm Marx 18 February - 6 April 1925 Zentrum
Otto Braun 6 April 1925 - (ousted by military coup- Staatstreich July 20,1932) 10 April 1933 SPD
Franz von Papen (Reichskomissar) 20 July - 3 December 1932
Kurt von Schleicher (Reichskomissar) 3 December 1932 - 28 January 1933
Franz von Papen (Reichskomissar) 30 January - 10 April 1933
Hermann Göring 10 April 1933 - 24 April 1945 NSDAP

Notes: From 20 July 1932 Otto Braun was in opposition to the Reichskomissar.

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